Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 48, Issue 5, pp 1508–1522 | Cite as

A Sibling-Mediated Intervention for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Using the Natural Language Paradigm (NLP)

  • Vicki Spector
  • Marjorie H. Charlop
Original Paper


We taught three typically developing siblings to occasion speech by implementing the Natural Language Paradigm (NLP) with their brothers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A non-concurrent multiple baseline design across children with ASD and sibling dyads was used. Ancillary behaviors of happiness, play, and joint attention for the children with ASD were recorded. Generalization of speech for the children with ASD across setting and peers was also measured. During baseline, the children with ASD displayed few target speech behaviors and the siblings inconsistently occasioned speech from their brothers. After sibling training, however, they successfully delivered NLP, and in turn, for two of the brothers with ASD, speech reached criterion. Implications of this research suggest the inclusion of siblings in interventions.


Autism spectrum disorder Sibling-mediated intervention Sibling Natural language paradigm 


Author Contributions

VS conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, performed the measurement, helped in the interpretation of the data, and drafted the manuscript; MHC conceived of the study, participated in its design, coordination, and interpretation of the data, and helped to draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Claremont Graduate UniversityClaremontUSA
  2. 2.Claremont McKenna CollegeClaremontUSA

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