Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 48, Issue 2, pp 389–403 | Cite as

Profiling Autism Symptomatology: An Exploration of the Q-ASC Parental Report Scale in Capturing Sex Differences in Autism

  • Sarah Ormond
  • Charlotte Brownlow
  • Michelle Sarah Garnett
  • Agnieszka Rynkiewicz
  • Tony Attwood
Original Paper


The Questionnaire for Autism Spectrum Conditions (Q-ASC) was developed by Attwood et al. (2011) to identify gender-sensitive profiles of autism symptomatology; prioritise and adjust the direction of clinical interventions; and support positive psychosocial outcomes and prognosis into adulthood. The current research piloted the Q-ASC with parents of 238 children with a clinical diagnosis of ASD-Level 1 (without intellectual or language impairment). Data analysis revealed eight interpretable and reliable components of the Q-ASC using Principle components analysis. Comparisons across age and gender groups found statistically significant mean differences of parent-reported characteristics. The findings from this study aim to identify improvements in the Q-ASC towards the future assessment of the sensitivity and diversity of presentations of autism among female children and adolescents.


Asperger’s syndrome Autism spectrum disorder Symptomatology Gender Females Girls Autism spectrum conditions 


Author Contributions

SO, MG, TA, and CB designed the study. MG, TA and AR designed the original measure. MG and TA collected the data. SO and CB analysed the data, and initially drafted the manuscript. All authors revised, developed, read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Psychology and CounsellingUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia
  2. 2.Specialist Clinic for Autism Spectrum ConditionsMinds & Hearts: A Clinic for Autism Spectrum ConditionsBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Center for Diagnosis, Therapy and Education SPECTRUM ASC-MEDGdanskPoland
  4. 4.Center for Diagnosis, Therapy and Education SPECTRUM ASC-MEDRzeszowPoland
  5. 5.Neurodevelopmental Disorders Research Lab, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of RzeszowRzeszowPoland

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