Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 47, Issue 4, pp 1122–1134

Does the Presence of Anxiety and ADHD Symptoms Add to Social Impairment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder?

  • Reina S. Factor
  • Sarah M. Ryan
  • Julee P. Farley
  • Thomas H. Ollendick
  • Angela Scarpa
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-016-3025-9

Cite this article as:
Factor, R.S., Ryan, S.M., Farley, J.P. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2017) 47: 1122. doi:10.1007/s10803-016-3025-9

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience internalizing and externalizing problems at higher rates than typically developing children, which could worsen social impairment. The present study compared impairment scores (social responsiveness scale, 2nd edition; SRS-2 scores) in 57 children (3–17 years, 82.5% male) with ASD, either with or without heightened levels of anxiety or ADHD symptoms, all per parent report. Children with heightened anxiety problems showed higher scores on four SRS-2 subscales (Social Cognition, Social Communication, Social Motivation, and Restricted Interests and Repetitive Behavior). Children with heightened ADHD traits showed higher scores on two subscales (Social Communication and Social Awareness). These findings suggest similarities and differences in how social deficits in ASD may worsen with anxiety or ADHD symptoms.

Keywords

Anxiety ADHD Social motivation Social deficits Autism spectrum disorder 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reina S. Factor
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sarah M. Ryan
    • 1
  • Julee P. Farley
    • 2
  • Thomas H. Ollendick
    • 1
    • 3
  • Angela Scarpa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyVirginia Polytechnic Institute & State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Tech Center for Autism ResearchBlacksburgUSA
  3. 3.Child Study CenterBlacksburgUSA

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