Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 46, Issue 9, pp 2859–2873 | Cite as

Executive Functions in Older Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Objective Performance and Subjective Complaints

  • Roeliena C. D. Davids
  • Yvonne Groen
  • Ina J. Berg
  • Oliver M. Tucha
  • Ingrid D. C. van Balkom
Original Paper

Abstract

Although deficits in Executive Functioning (EF) are reported frequently in young individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), they remain relatively unexplored later in life (>50 years). We studied objective performance on EF measures (Tower of London, Zoo map, phonetic/semantic fluency) as well as subjective complaints (self- and proxy reported BRIEF) in 36 ASD and 36 typically developed individuals (n = 72). High functioning older adults with ASD reported EF-impairments in metacognition, but did not deviate in EF task performance, except for a longer execution time of the Tower of London. The need for additional time to complete daily tasks may contribute to impairments in daily life and may be correlated to a higher level of experienced EF-difficulties in ASD.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Neuropsychological assessment Cognition Executive function Processing speed Aging 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roeliena C. D. Davids
    • 1
  • Yvonne Groen
    • 2
  • Ina J. Berg
    • 3
  • Oliver M. Tucha
    • 2
  • Ingrid D. C. van Balkom
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Autism Team Northern-Netherlands, Jonx Department of (Youth) Mental Health and AutismLentis Psychiatric InstituteGroningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Clinical and Developmental NeuropsychologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Geriatric Psychiatry and Center for NeuropsychiatryLentis Psychiatric InstituteGroningenThe Netherlands

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