Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 45, Issue 8, pp 2283–2294 | Cite as

Co-occurring Psychiatric Disorders in Preschool and Elementary School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Fernando Salazar
  • Gillian Baird
  • Susie Chandler
  • Evelin Tseng
  • Tony O’sullivan
  • Patricia Howlin
  • Andrew Pickles
  • Emily Simonoff
Original Paper

Abstract

We employed a clinical sample of young children with ASD, with and without intellectual disability, to determine the rate and type of psychiatric disorders and possible association with risk factors. We assessed 101 children (57 males, 44 females) aged 4.5–9.8 years. 90.5 % of the sample met the criteria. Most common diagnoses were: generalized anxiety disorder (66.5 %), specific phobias (52.7 %) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (59.1 %). Boys were more likely to have oppositional defiant disorder (OR 3.9). Higher IQ was associated with anxiety disorders (OR 2.9) and older age with agoraphobia (OR 5.8). Night terrors was associated with parental psychological distress (OR 14.2). Most young ASD children met the criteria for additional psychopathology.

Keywords

Autism Autism spectrum disorder Psychopathology Child behavior problems Prevalence 

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOT 24 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Salazar
    • 1
  • Gillian Baird
    • 2
  • Susie Chandler
    • 3
  • Evelin Tseng
    • 4
  • Tony O’sullivan
    • 5
  • Patricia Howlin
    • 3
  • Andrew Pickles
    • 6
    • 7
  • Emily Simonoff
    • 7
    • 8
  1. 1.Assessment, Liaison and Outreach TeamSouth London and Maudsley NHS Foundation TrustStaplehurstUK
  2. 2.Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation TrustSt Thomas’ HospitalLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Psychology, Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  4. 4.Bromley Healthcare CICBeckenhamUK
  5. 5.Lewisham HealthcareChildren First LewishamLondonUK
  6. 6.Department of BiostatisticsKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  7. 7.Institute of PsychiatryNIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Mental HealthLondonUK
  8. 8.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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