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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 12, pp 3101–3118 | Cite as

Stress and Family Quality of Life in Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Parent Gender and the Double ABCX Model

  • Rebecca L. McStay
  • David Trembath
  • Cheryl Dissanayake
Original Paper

Abstract

Past research has supported the utility of the Double ABCX model of family adaptation for parents raising a child with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). What remains unclear is the impact of family-related variables on outcomes in both mothers and fathers within the same family. We explored the potential predictors of maternal and paternal stress and family quality of life in an Australian sample of 196 parents of children with ASD aged 3–16 years. Using a cross-sectional design, parents completed questionnaires assessing factors within the Double ABCX model attributed to family adaptation. Findings provide further evidence of the negative impact of child externalising behaviours and highlight the importance of family sense of coherence on positive parental outcomes.

Keywords

Autism Stress Family quality of life Child behaviour Family sense of coherence 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This paper has been prepared from a doctoral dissertation. We wish to thank all of the parents who participated in the study for sharing their time and experiences.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca L. McStay
    • 1
  • David Trembath
    • 2
  • Cheryl Dissanayake
    • 1
  1. 1.Olga Tennison Autism Research CentreLa Trobe UniversityBundooraAustralia
  2. 2.Griffith Health InstituteGriffith UniversityBrisbaneAustralia

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