Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) spend the majority of their lives as adults, and psychosocial interventions show promise for improving outcomes in this population. This research conducted a systematic review of all peer-review studies evaluating psychosocial interventions for adults with ASD. A total of 1,217 studies were reviewed, only 13 met inclusion criteria. The majority of studies were single case studies or non-randomized controlled trials, and most focused on applied behavior analysis or social cognition training. Effects of psychosocial treatment in adults with ASD were largely positive ranging from d = 0.14–3.59, although the quantity and quality of studies is limited. There is substantial need for the rigorous development and evaluation of psychosocial treatments for adults with ASD.
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This research was supported by grants to Nancy J. Minshew and Shaun M. Eack from the NIMH (MH-85851), Department of Defense (AR100344), NCRR (RR-24154), Autism Speaks, and the Pennsylvania Department of Health.
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Bishop-Fitzpatrick, L., Minshew, N.J. & Eack, S.M. A Systematic Review of Psychosocial Interventions for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. J Autism Dev Disord 43, 687–694 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1615-8