Advertisement

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 42, Issue 12, pp 2729–2738 | Cite as

From Interdisciplinary to Integrated Care of the Child with Autism: the Essential Role for a Code of Ethics

  • David J. CoxEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

To address the developmental deficits of children with autism, several disciplines have come to the forefront within intervention programs. These are speech-pathologists, psychologists/counselors, occupational-therapists/physical-therapists, special-education consultants, behavior analysts, and physicians/medical personnel. As the field of autism therapy moves toward a more comprehensive, holistic and interdisciplinary model, the complexity of an interdisciplinary service delivery model could pose significant challenges. The difficulty of carrying out this approach could lead to sub-par programs being established. With integration among the disciplines a necessity, the ethical principles and language common to all the contributing disciplines is argued as the appropriate integrating force. An outline of these principles and a draft code of ethics are offered to introduce high standards and expectations for all participating in such a program.

Keywords

Interdisciplinary therapy Integration of disciplines Ethics 

References

  1. American Academy of Special Education Professionals. (2010). Code of conduct. Found on the American Academy of special education professionals website: http://aasep.org/about-the-academy/code-of-ethics/index.html.
  2. American Medical Association. (2011). AMA’s code of medical ethics. Found on the American Medical Association medical ethics website: http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/physician-resources/medical-ethics/code-medical-ethics.page.
  3. American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc. (2005). Occupational therapy code of ethics. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 59.6, 639–642.Google Scholar
  4. American Psychological Association. (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Cited on the Web page of the American Psychological Association: http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx (visited January 19, 2010).
  5. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2003). Code of ethics. Cited on the Web page Code of Ethics: http://www.asha.org/docs/html/ET2010-00309.html (visited January 19, 2010).
  6. Autism Canada Foundation. (2007). To help find a cause and a cure for autism. Cited in the Web page of the Autism Canada Foundation: http://www.autismcanada.org/autismcanada.htm (visited February 21, 2010).
  7. Baker, R. (2005). A draft model aggregated code of ethics for bioethicists. The American Journal of Bioethics, 5.5, 33–41.Google Scholar
  8. Baker, R. (2005b). A history of codes of ethics for bioethicists. In Lisa Eckenweiler & Felicia Cohen (Eds.), The ethics of bioethics: Mapping the moral landscape (pp. 24–42). Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Baker, R. (2009). In defense of bioethics. Journal of Law, Medicine, & Ethics, 37.1(Spring), 83–92.Google Scholar
  10. Behavior Analyst Certification Board. (2010). Behavior analyst certification board guidelines for responsible conduct for behavior analysts. Found on the Behavior Analyst Certification Board Website: http://www.bacb.com/Downloadfiles/BACBguidelines/1007GuidelinesFpdf.pdf.
  11. Brock, D. W. (2007). Patient competence and surrogate decision-making. In R. Rhodes, L. P. Francis, & A. Silvers (Eds.), The Blackwell guide to medical ethics (pp. 128–140). Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cox, D. (2010). On the discipline and practice of the interdisciplinary intervention model. Paper presented at the Pacific rim international conference on disabilities, Honolulu, Hawaii, April 12–13, (2010).Google Scholar
  13. Dawson, G., Rogers, S., Munson, J., Smith, M., Winter, J., Greenson, J., et al. (2010). Randomized, controlled trial of an intervention for toddlers with autism: The early start denver model. Pediatrics, 125, 17–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Eagle Life College. (2010). Our multidisciplinary approach: experts in autism: Support from our multidisciplinary team. Cited on the Web page Eagle Life College: Part of the Eagle House Group. http://www.eaglelifecollege.co.uk/goto/page/our_multidisciplinary_approach_,691 (visited February 22, 2010).
  15. Gearhard, A. K. (2004). The interdisciplinary intervention model for autism spectrum disorder. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Walden University.Google Scholar
  16. Gert, B., Culver, C. M., & Clouser, K. D. (2006). Bioethics a systematic approach (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Kaleida Health. (2010). Women and children’s services: Children’s guild autism spectrum disorder center: Overview. Cited on the Web page Kaleida Health Information Network. http://wchob.kaleidahealth.org/services/services_display.asp?SID=583&CID=9 (visited February 21, 2010).
  18. Kean University. (2009). Kean Autism Research and Education Center (KARE). Cited on the Web page KARE. http://www.kean.edu/~kare/ (visited March 3, 2010).
  19. Linder, T. (2008). Transdisciplinary play-based assessment (2nd ed.). Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  20. McMillan, A (2009). Unscrambling autism: Diagnosing the disorder. Synapse, 13(Fall), 2–7.Google Scholar
  21. National Institutes of Health. (1979). The Belmont report: Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects in research. DHEW Publication No. (OS) 78-0012.Google Scholar
  22. Oakland University. (2010). Interdisciplinary certificate in autism. Cited on the Web page Oakland University: SEHS professional development http://www.oakland.edu/ICA/ (visited March 3, 2010).
  23. Prizant, B., Wetherby, A., Rubin, E., & Laurent, A. (2007). The SCERTS model. Cited on the Web page SCERTS: The SCERTS Model http://www.scerts.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2&Itemid=2 (visited on February 22, 2010).
  24. Rhodes, R. (2007). The professional responsibilities of medicine. In R. Rhodes, L. P. Francis, & A. Silvers (Eds.), The Blackwell guide to medical ethics (pp. 71–87). Malden: Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rudy, L. J. (2009). Biomedical treatments for autism: About the Autism Research Institute and the DAN protocol. Cited on the Web page About.com: Autism http://autism.about.com/od/treatmentoptions/a/DANQandA.htm (visited on February 22, 2010).
  26. UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute. (2010). Interdisciplinary training for autism researchers. Cited in the Web page UC Davis M.I.N.D. Institute http://www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/mindinstitute/education/postdoc_training/ (visited March 3, 2010).
  27. Veatch, R. M. (2003). The basics of bioethics (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.Google Scholar
  28. Yatchmink, Y. (2005). Autism spectrum disorders: A research review for practitioners. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 26.3, 246.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.STE Consultants, LLCBerkeleyUSA
  2. 2.El CerritoUSA

Personalised recommendations