Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 41, Issue 10, pp 1342–1351 | Cite as

Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers: Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation in Spain

  • Ricardo Canal-Bedia
  • Patricia García-Primo
  • María Victoria Martín-Cilleros
  • José Santos-Borbujo
  • Zoila Guisuraga-Fernández
  • Lorena Herráez-García
  • María del Mar Herráez-García
  • Leticia Boada-Muñoz
  • Joaquín Fuentes-Biggi
  • Manuel Posada-de la Paz
Original paper

Abstract

Early detection and treatment have been shown to be effective in reducing disability severity caused by Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). As Spanish pediatricians have no detection tool, the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) was first translated into and culturally adapted to Spanish. Validity and reliability studies were carried out in two different geographical areas of Spain, where M-CHAT was administered to two different samples, namely: 2,480 high- and low-risk children; and 2,055 low-risk children. The results obtained were similar to those yielded by the original M-CHAT studies. Differences were found in positive predictive value, due to the low ASD frequency observed in this study. M-CHAT is still being studied in a large population-based screening program in Spain.

Keywords

Autism Screening Validation M-CHAT Psychometric values 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ricardo Canal-Bedia
    • 1
  • Patricia García-Primo
    • 2
  • María Victoria Martín-Cilleros
    • 1
  • José Santos-Borbujo
    • 1
  • Zoila Guisuraga-Fernández
    • 1
  • Lorena Herráez-García
    • 1
  • María del Mar Herráez-García
    • 1
  • Leticia Boada-Muñoz
    • 3
  • Joaquín Fuentes-Biggi
    • 4
  • Manuel Posada-de la Paz
    • 5
  1. 1.University of SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  2. 2.National Research Institute of Rare DiseasesInstituto de Salud Carlos IIIMadridSpain
  3. 3.Gregorio Marañón University Teaching HospitalMadridSpain
  4. 4.Guipúzcoa Polyclinic and the Guipuzka Autism Association (GAUTENA)San SebastiánSpain
  5. 5.Natinoal Research Institute of Rare DiseasesInstituto de Salud Carlos III and The Centre for Network Research on Rare Diseases (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Enfermedades Raras – CIBERER)MadridSpain

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