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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 7, pp 1349–1358 | Cite as

Audiovisual Processing in Children with and without Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Elizabeth A. MongilloEmail author
  • Julia R. Irwin
  • D. H. Whalen
  • Cheryl Klaiman
  • Alice S. Carter
  • Robert T. Schultz
Original Paper

Abstract

Fifteen children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and twenty-one children without ASD completed six perceptual tasks designed to characterize the nature of the audiovisual processing difficulties experienced by children with ASD. Children with ASD scored significantly lower than children without ASD on audiovisual tasks involving human faces and voices, but scored similarly to children without ASD on audiovisual tasks involving nonhuman stimuli (bouncing balls). Results suggest that children with ASD may use visual information for speech differently from children without ASD. Exploratory results support an inverse association between audiovisual speech processing capacities and social impairment in children with ASD.

Keywords

Audiovisual processing Visual influence McGurk effect 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Support for this research came from a grant (U19-HD35482) from the NICHD, as part of the Collaborative Programs of Excellence in Autism (CPEA). Drs. Irwin and Whalen were supported by NIH grant HD-01994. We also acknowledge our gratitude for the diagnostic assessments provide by Ami Klin, Fred Volkmar and Diane Goudreau, the ASD participant recruitment by Tammy Babitz, and the careful proofreading of our final draft provided by Roxanne Mongillo. Finally, we wish to thank the children and families who gave their time so generously to facilitate this research project.

Supplementary material

10803_2007_521_MOESM1_ESM.doc (84 kb)
(DOC 83 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth A. Mongillo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Julia R. Irwin
    • 2
  • D. H. Whalen
    • 2
  • Cheryl Klaiman
    • 3
  • Alice S. Carter
    • 1
  • Robert T. Schultz
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Massachusetts BostonBostonUSA
  2. 2.Haskins LaboratoriesNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.Yale School of Medicine Child Study CenterYale UniversityNew HavenUSA

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