Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 7, pp 1211–1229 | Cite as

Friendship in High-functioning Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Mixed and Non-mixed Dyads

  • Nirit Bauminger
  • Marjorie Solomon
  • Anat Aviezer
  • Kelly Heung
  • John Brown
  • Sally J. Rogers
Original Paper


Friendships containing a child with autism and a friend with typical development (“mixed” friendships, n = 26) and those of children with autism and a friend with a disability (“non-mixed,” n = 16) were contrasted with friendships of typically developing subjects and their friends (n = 31). Measures included dyadic interaction samples, and interview and questionnaire data from subjects, friends, and parents. Mixed friendship interactions resembled typical friendships. Participants in mixed friendships were more responsive to one another, had stronger receptive language skills, exhibited greater positive social orientation and cohesion, and demonstrated more complex coordinated play than in the non-mixed dyads. Exposure to typical peers appears to have significant effects on friendship behaviors.


High-functioning children with ASD Asperger syndrome Friendship Social-emotional functioning 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nirit Bauminger
    • 1
  • Marjorie Solomon
    • 2
  • Anat Aviezer
    • 1
  • Kelly Heung
    • 2
  • John Brown
    • 2
  • Sally J. Rogers
    • 2
  1. 1.School of EducationBar-Ilan UniversityRamat-GanIsrael
  2. 2.Mind InstituteUniversity of California at DavisSacramentoUSA

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