Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 288–296 | Cite as

Estimating the Burden of Disease for Autism Spectrum Disorders in Spain in 2003

  • Elena Sánchez-Valle
  • Manuel Posada
  • Ana Villaverde-Hueso
  • Eva Touriño
  • María José Ferrari-Arroyo
  • Leticia Boada
  • María Concepción Martín-Arribas
  • Ricardo Canal
  • Joaquín Fuentes-Biggi
Article

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disabilities. Burden of Disease is an indicator that provides important information on health status and outcomes such as premature mortality and disability. In order to estimate the burden of disease of ASD in the Spanish population during 2003, we followed the procedures used in the WHO Global Burden of Disease Study. ASD generated 43,928 Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY) in Spain in 2003, from which 33,797 were attributable to Autistic Disorder and 10,131 were caused by Asperger’s Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified. DALY could be a useful tool for health policy makers for setting health service priorities, allocating available resources effectively and providing a comparable measure of output for early intervention.

Keywords

Pervasive developmental disorders Autistic spectrum disorders Burden of disease Disability adjusted life years DALY Epidemiology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Sánchez-Valle
    • 1
  • Manuel Posada
    • 1
  • Ana Villaverde-Hueso
    • 1
  • Eva Touriño
    • 1
  • María José Ferrari-Arroyo
    • 1
  • Leticia Boada
    • 1
  • María Concepción Martín-Arribas
    • 1
  • Ricardo Canal
    • 2
  • Joaquín Fuentes-Biggi
    • 3
  1. 1.Rare Diseases Research InstituteInstituto de Salud Carlos IIIMadridSpain
  2. 2.Department of PsycologyUniversity of SalamancaSalamancaSpain
  3. 3.Policlínica Guipúzcoa, GautenaSan SebastianSpain

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