Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 425–436 | Cite as

Differentiating between Autism Spectrum Disorders and Other Developmental Disabilities in Children Who Failed a Screening Instrument for ASD

  • Pamela Ventola
  • Jamie Kleinman
  • Juhi Pandey
  • Leandra Wilson
  • Emma Esser
  • Hilary Boorstein
  • Thyde Dumont-Mathieu
  • Gail Marshia
  • Marianne Barton
  • Sarah Hodgson
  • James Green
  • Fred Volkmar
  • Katarzyna Chawarska
  • Tammy Babitz
  • Diana Robins
  • Deborah Fein
Original paper

Abstract

This study compared behavioral presentation of toddlers with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and toddlers with global developmental delay (DD) or developmental language disorder (DLD) who display some characteristics of ASD using the diagnostic algorithm items from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Generic (ADOS), the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT). To date, 195 children have failed the M-CHAT and have been diagnosed with ASD, DD or DLD. Children with ASD had prominent and consistent impairments in socialization skills, especially joint attention skills and were more impaired in some aspects of communication, play, and sensory processing. Children with ASD and children with DD/DLD shared common features, but certain behavioral markers differentiated the two groups.

Keywords

Autism Early detection Global developmental delay Developmental language disorder 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pamela Ventola
    • 1
  • Jamie Kleinman
    • 1
  • Juhi Pandey
    • 1
  • Leandra Wilson
    • 1
  • Emma Esser
    • 1
  • Hilary Boorstein
    • 1
  • Thyde Dumont-Mathieu
    • 1
  • Gail Marshia
    • 1
  • Marianne Barton
    • 1
  • Sarah Hodgson
    • 1
  • James Green
    • 1
  • Fred Volkmar
    • 2
  • Katarzyna Chawarska
    • 2
  • Tammy Babitz
    • 2
  • Diana Robins
    • 3
  • Deborah Fein
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Yale University Child Study CenterNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.Georgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

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