Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 871–882 | Cite as

Mother-Child Relationship in Youths with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and their Siblings



Despite impaired mother-child interactions noted in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), there is no such information for their siblings. This study aimed to test whether the affected and unaffected siblings, like youth with ADHD, also encountered impaired mothering and mother-child relationships as compared to typically developing youth (TD). The sample consisted of 122 probands (107 males, 87.7 %), aged 10–16, with DSM-IV ADHD, 44 affected (26 males, 59.1 %) and 78 unaffected (28 males, 35.9 %) siblings, and 122 TD youth. Both participants and their mothers received psychiatric interviews (K-SADS-E) about the participants and reported maternal parenting style, mother-child interactions and child behavioral problems at home. Based on both reports, probands with ADHD and affected siblings (only youth report) had more impaired relationships, more behavioral problems at home, and less perceived family support than unaffected siblings and TD youth. Probands with ADHD had higher maternal authoritarian control than unaffected siblings. The findings suggest that impaired mothering, mother-child interactions, and family support are related to the presence of ADHD diagnosis in both probands and their affected siblings.


Family support Parenting style ADHD Siblings Mother-child relationship 



This work was supported by grants from the National Health Research Institute (NHRI-EX95-9407PC, NHRI-EX96-9407PC, NHRI-EX97-9407PC, NHRI-EX98-9407PC, NHRI-EX100-0008PI, NHRI-EX101-0008PI), Taiwan. We would like to express our thanks to the participants, their siblings and parents for their contribution.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

This study has been approved by the Research Ethics Committee (approval number: 9361700470; number, NCT00417781) of National Taiwan University Hospital Institutional Review Board and therefore all procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of Interests

There is no conflict of interest with regard to this work.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

10802_2016_218_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 1162 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychological MedicineInstitute of Psychiatry, Psychology, and Neuroscience, King’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryChina Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry, College of MedicineChina Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryNational Taiwan University Hospital and College of MedicineTaipeiTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of Psychology, Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Graduate Institute of Brain and Mind, and Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive MedicineNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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