Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 985–995 | Cite as

Co-Rumination Exacerbates Stress Generation among Adolescents with Depressive Symptoms

  • Amanda J. Rose
  • Gary C. Glick
  • Rhiannon L. Smith
  • Rebecca A. Schwartz-Mette
  • Sarah K. Borowski


Through stress generation, individuals’ own thoughts and behaviors can actually lead to increases in their experience of stress. Unfortunately, stress generation is especially common among individuals who are already suffering from elevated depressive symptoms. However, despite the acknowledgement that some individuals with depressive symptoms generate greater stress than others, few studies have identified specific factors that could exacerbate stress generation among individuals with depressive symptoms. The present study examines co-rumination as a factor that might exacerbate stress generation among adolescents with depressive symptoms using a short-term longitudinal design. Considering these processes among adolescents was critical given that many youth experience increases in depressive symptoms at this developmental stage and that co-rumination also becomes more common at adolescence. Participants were 628 adolescents (326 girls; 302 boys) who reported on their depressive symptoms, experiences of stress, and co-rumination with a best friend. Interpersonal stressors (peer and family stress) and non-interpersonal stressors (school and sports stress) were assessed. Consistent with past research, adolescents with depressive symptoms experienced greater interpersonal and non-interpersonal stress over time. Importantly, co-rumination interacted with both depressive symptoms and gender in predicting increases in peer stress. Depressive symptoms predicted the generation of peer stress only for girls who reported high levels of co-rumination with friends. Implications for protecting youth with depressive symptoms against stress generation are discussed.


Co-rumination Peer relations Stress generation Depression Adolescence 



This research was supported by NIMH Grant R01 MH 073590 awarded to Amanda J. Rose. We acknowledge and appreciate the efforts of Ashley Wilson and Aaron Luebbe in regards to data collection.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

None of the authors have a conflict of interest to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amanda J. Rose
    • 1
  • Gary C. Glick
    • 2
  • Rhiannon L. Smith
    • 3
  • Rebecca A. Schwartz-Mette
    • 4
  • Sarah K. Borowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychological ScienceUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.University of North Carolina – Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  3. 3.University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  4. 4.University of MaineOronoUSA

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