The current study investigated risk factors for suicidal ideation in a community sample of 392 adolescents (males 51.9 %; females 48.1 %), while also evaluating self-esteem, perceived parent support, and perceived peer support as protective factors and potential moderators between suicidal ideation and the 3 risk factors. Disordered eating, depression, parent support, and peer support were found to be significant predictors of current suicidal ideation, but body satisfaction was not. The relationship between depression and suicidal ideation was significantly moderated by both self-esteem and parent support, while the relationship between disordered eating and suicidal ideation was significantly moderated by peer support. Results underscore the importance of examining protective factors for suicide risk, as they have the potential to reduce suicidal ideation in adolescents.
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The authors would like to acknowledge Peter M. Gutierrez, Ph.D. and Chandra E. Feltman, M.A. for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this manuscript. We would also like to acknowledge Reagan D. Brown, Ph.D. for providing statistical consultation.
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Brausch, A.M., Decker, K.M. Self-Esteem and Social Support as Moderators of Depression, Body Image, and Disordered Eating for Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents. J Abnorm Child Psychol 42, 779–789 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-013-9822-0