Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 40, Issue 8, pp 1313–1326 | Cite as

A Cross-Lagged Model of the Development of ADHD Inattention Symptoms and Rapid Naming Speed

  • Anne B. ArnettEmail author
  • Bruce F. Pennington
  • Erik Willcutt
  • Julia Dmitrieva
  • Brian Byrne
  • Stefan Samuelsson
  • Richard K. Olson


Although previous research has identified contemporaneous associations between cognitive deficits and symptom phenotypes in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, no studies have as yet attempted to identify direction of effect. The present study used cross-lagged path modeling to examine competing hypotheses about longitudinal associations between rapid naming speed and symptoms of inattention in children. 1,506 school-age twins from Australia and the U.S. were tested for inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, and rapid naming speed at three and four time points, respectively. Symptom severity of inattention from Kindergarten to fourth grade is consistently predicted by previous rapid naming, over and above auto-regressive and correlational associations in the model. Likewise, inattention symptoms have a small but significant predictive effect on subsequent rapid naming. The findings support a reciprocal relationship between naming speed and ADHD inattentive symptoms.


ADHD Rapid naming speed Processing speed Structural equation modeling Longitudinal 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anne B. Arnett
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bruce F. Pennington
    • 1
  • Erik Willcutt
    • 2
  • Julia Dmitrieva
    • 1
  • Brian Byrne
    • 3
    • 4
  • Stefan Samuelsson
    • 4
    • 5
  • Richard K. Olson
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of DenverDenverUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ColoradoBoulderUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of New EnglandArmidaleAustralia
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyUniversity of LinkopingLinkopingSweden
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyStavanger UniversityStavangerNorway

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