Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 38, Issue 8, pp 1097–1107 | Cite as

Dimensions and Correlates of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Sluggish Cognitive Tempo

  • Annie A. Garner
  • Janice C. Marceaux
  • Sylvie Mrug
  • Cryshelle Patterson
  • Bart Hodgens
Article

Abstract

The present study examined Sluggish Cognitive Tempo (SCT) in relation to ADHD symptoms, clinical diagnosis, and multiple aspects of adjustment in a clinical sample. Parent and teacher reports were gathered for 322 children and adolescents evaluated for behavioral, emotional, and/or learning problems at a university clinic. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) supported the presence of three separate, but correlated factors (SCT, inattention, and hyperactivity/impulsivity) in both parent and teacher ratings. As expected, SCT symptoms were greatest in youth with ADHD Inattentive type, but were also found in non-ADHD clinical groups. SCT symptoms were related to inattention, internalizing, and social problems across both parent and teacher informants; for parent reports, SCT was also related to more externalizing problems. Findings support the statistical validity of the SCT construct, but its clinical utility is still unclear.

Keywords

Sluggish cognitive tempo Factor analysis Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder Clinical population 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annie A. Garner
    • 1
    • 3
  • Janice C. Marceaux
    • 1
  • Sylvie Mrug
    • 1
  • Cryshelle Patterson
    • 2
  • Bart Hodgens
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  2. 2.Civitan International Research Center Sparks ClinicsUniversity of Alabama at BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  3. 3.UAB Department of PsychologyBirminghamUSA

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