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Structure and corrosion of Al-40 wt.% Nb-2 wt.% X alloys rapidly solidified from the melt

Abstract

The addition of a ternary element such as boron, silicon, or titanium to the binary alloy Al-40 wt.% Nb produced by rapid solidification after electromagnetic fusion results in a modification of the alloy behavior toward corrosion resistance in a saline medium (3.5 g/l NaCl), as measured by potentiodynamic polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) on both as-cast and annealed specimens. Optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the binary Al-40 wt.% Nb alloy #4 and ternary Al-40 wt.% Nb-2 wt.% X (X: B alloy #1, Ti alloy #3, Si alloy #2) alloys, as well as EDS quantitative analysis combined with differential thermal calorimetry (DSC). Except for a smaller particle size in alloy #1 when compared to binary alloy #4, the as-cast solidification microstructure reveals no significant shape changes. When compared to other treated alloys, including binary alloys, heat-treated alloy #3 stands out electrochemically, and as-cast binary alloy # 4 also shines out when compared to cast ternary alloys, demonstrating that microstructure is essential.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are very grateful to the DGRSDT for financial assistance and to researchers at the ENSMM Annaba for SEM observations.

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Layachi, F., Debili, M.Y. Structure and corrosion of Al-40 wt.% Nb-2 wt.% X alloys rapidly solidified from the melt. J Appl Electrochem 52, 1259–1273 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10800-022-01704-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10800-022-01704-y

Keywords

  • Aluminum
  • Niobium
  • Corrosion
  • Solidification
  • Structure
  • Ternary alloys