Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 443–449 | Cite as

Electrolyte dynamics in reversible metal electrodeposition for dynamic windows

  • Christopher J. BarileEmail author
Research Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Electrodeposition


Dynamic windows based on the reversible electrodeposition of metals are the promising alternatives to those based on other technologies such as electrochromic materials. In this article, we use spectroelectrochemistry to study Cu and Pb electrodeposition and dissolution as related to dynamic window electrolytes. The presence of Cl in the aqueous electrolyte accelerates the deposition and dissolution processes, and leads to the formation of Cu–Cl equilibria that evolve during electrode cycling. The electrolyte only supports reversible metal deposition after cycling, a process known as electrolytic conditioning. We demonstrate that the conditioning process increases the concentration of Cu–Cl complexes in the electrolyte, which facilitates reversible and kinetically facile electrodeposition. The conditioned electrolyte enables the construction of 25 cm2 dynamic windows harnessing reversible metal electrodeposition that exhibit uniform tinting, minute-order switching times, and high optical contrast.

Graphical Abstract

Understanding electrolyte dynamics is key to constructing 25 cm2 dynamics windows with electronically controlled transparency based on the reversible metal electrodeposition of Pb and Cu.


Dynamic windows Reversible metal electrodeposition Electrolytic conditioning Transparent conducting substrates 



This research was funded by Research and Innovation at the University of Nevada, Reno.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of NevadaRenoUSA

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