Continuous electrochemical oxidation of biomass derived 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural into 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid
- 403 Downloads
A continuous electrochemical process with integrated product separation has been developed for production of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) by oxidation of 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF) in aqueous alkaline media on non-noble Ni/NiOOH foam electrodes at ambient conditions. Initially, voltammetry studies were performed in both, acid and alkaline media, on various catalyst materials: Au, Au3Pd2, Pt, PbO2, Ni/NiOOH and graphite. Preparative electrolysis was performed on Au, Au3Pd2, Pt, PbO2, Ni/NiOOH electrodes in a divided glass cell and Ni/NiOOH showed the best performance with an FDCA yield of ≈ 90% and a Faradaic efficiency of ≈ 80%. The electrolysis conditions were then optimized to industrially relevant conditions in a filter-press type flow reactor with Ni/NiOOH foam anode. HMF concentrations as high as 10 wt% were converted to FDCA at pH 12 in a buffer free 0.1 M Na2SO4 electrolyte with continuous addition of NaOH to maintain constant pH. An FDCA separation yield up to 95% was achieved via pH shift crystallization. The electrolysis and FDCA separation results were used for the design and construction of a bench-scale system where continuous FDCA production, including integrated product separation, was tested and reported in this work. This publication for the first time presents a continuous electrochemical FDCA production system with integrated product separation at industrially relevant product concentrations, 10 wt% HMF, and utilizing non-noble electrode materials.
KeywordsElectroorganic synthesis Continuous production HMF FDCA Nickel oxy-hydroxide electrode
We acknowledge financial support from the Voltachem Shared Innovation Program (http://www.voltachem.com/).
- 1.Fletcher K (2016) EIA releases 2016 international energy outlook. Biomass Magazine. http://biomassmagazine.com/articles/13249/eia-releases-2016-international-energy-outlook. Accessed 28 Oct 2017
- 5.Werby T, Petersen G (2004) Top added value chemicals from biomass, U.S. Department of energy, 2004Google Scholar
- 6.de Jong E et al (2013) Biobased monomers, polymers and materials. OUP USAGoogle Scholar
- 7.Avantium (2016) Avantium press release. https://www.avantium.com/press-releases/synvina-joint-venture-basf-avantium-established/. Accessed 28 Oct 2017
- 14.Hanke PD (2009) Enzymatic oxidation of HMF. 2009/023174 A2. USAGoogle Scholar
- 18.Miura T, Kakinuma H, Kawano T, Matsuhisa H (2007) Method for producing furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid. US 0232815, 2007Google Scholar
- 23.Grabowski G, Lewkowski J, Skowronski R (1993) Method of obtaining 2,5-furanedicarboxylic acid. Patent PL161831, 1993Google Scholar
- 28.Monahov B, Pavlov D, Kirchev A, Vasilev S (2003) Influence of pH of the H2SO4 solution on the phase composition of the PbO2 active mass and of the PbO2 anodic layer formed during cycling of lead electrodes. J Power Sources 2:281:292. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-7753(02)00583-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 45.Pletcher D, Walsh FC (1990) Industrial electrochemistry, 2nd edn. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar