Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 37–48 | Cite as

Functionalized seaweed-derived graphene/polyaniline nanocomposite as efficient energy storage electrode

  • Rajeev Gupta
  • Nilesh Vadodariya
  • Ashesh Mahto
  • Jai Prakash Chaudhary
  • Dilip B. Parmar
  • Divesh N. Srivastava
  • Sanna Kotrappanavar Nataraj
  • Ramavatar Meena
Research Article
  • 245 Downloads

Abstract

The present study demonstrates a synergistic effect of combining graphene, sourced from seaweed (Ulva fasciata) with polyaniline for energy storage applications via a simple aqueous synthetic route. In situ polymerization of aniline monomer resulted in unique polyaniline nanofiber-coated seaweed-derived graphene nanocomposites (PANI:SDG). Easily scalable synthetic route produced nanocomposites with improved electrical conductivity (> 75 mScm−1) and thermal stability. Results of electrochemical studies on PANI–SDG nanocomposites as electrode material showed improved specific capacitance (> 400 F g−1) with enhanced cyclic stability (1000 cycles). The unique cooperative effect between the PANI and SDG resulted in significantly improved charge storage properties in comparison to controlled PANI and graphene electrodes. The supercapacitor device prepared in this work exhibited high specific capacitance and cyclic stability and could be utilized for potential applications in a variety of devices and wearable electronics.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Seaweed biomass Seaweed-derived graphene PANI Nanocomposites Supercapacitor 

Notes

Acknowledgements

CSIR-CSMCRI Registration Number-147/2016. RG is thankful to University Grant Commission (UGC) for providing Senior Research Fellowship. JP& NV are thankful to DST and CSIR for providing Fellowship. SKN gratefully acknowledges the DST, Government of India for DST-INSPIRE Fellowship and Research Grant (IFA12-CH-84). RM & JPC gratefully acknowledge SERB-DST, New Delhi, Government of India for financial support (SB/EMEQ-052/2013 & EMR/2016/004944).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajeev Gupta
    • 1
    • 3
  • Nilesh Vadodariya
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ashesh Mahto
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jai Prakash Chaudhary
    • 2
    • 3
  • Dilip B. Parmar
    • 1
    • 3
  • Divesh N. Srivastava
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sanna Kotrappanavar Nataraj
    • 4
  • Ramavatar Meena
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Analytical Division & CIFCSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research InstituteBhavnagarIndia
  2. 2.Natural Products and Green ChemistryCSIR-Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research InstituteBhavnagarIndia
  3. 3.AcSIR-Centr al Salt & Marine Chemicals Research InstituteBhavnagarIndia
  4. 4.Centre for Nano and Material SciencesJain UniversityBangaloreIndia

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