Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 551–559 | Cite as

Surface modification effects of [Li,La]TiO3 on the electrochemical performance of Li[Ni0.35Co0.3Mn0.35]O2 cathode material for lithium–ion batteries

  • Kwang Hee Jung
  • Ho-Gi Kim
  • Kwang Man Kim
  • Yong Joon ParkEmail author
Original Paper


Surface modification of Li[Ni0.35Co0.3Mn0.35]O2 as a cathode material of lithium–ion batteries was carried out by hydrothermal treatment using lithium lanthanum titanate ([Li,La]TiO3). The modified surfaces were analyzed by morphology observation using transmission electron microscopy and by element investigation using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was thereupon found that the [Li,La]TiO3-coated layer formed by the surface modification played a definitive role in suppressing the solid electrolyte interface during repeated charge and discharge cycles. In addition, the thermal stability was enhanced by coated layer, resulting in an increase of the onset temperature to occur an exothermic reaction during thermal runaway.


Surface coating Lithium lanthanum titanate Cathode Lithium–ion batteries 



This research was supported by the Converging Research Center Program through the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2010K001089).


  1. 1.
    Ozawa K (1994) Solid State Ionics 69:212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cheng C, Tan L, Hu A, Liu H, Huang X (2010) J Alloys Compd 506:888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Riley LA, Atta SV, Cavanagh AS, Yan Y, George SM, Ping L, Dillon AC, Lee SH (2011) J Appl Electrochem 196:3317Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Choi J, Manthiram A (2005) Solid State Ionics 176:2251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kim KM, Lee SH, Kim S, Lee YG (2009) J Appl Electrochem 39:1487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wu F, Lu H, Su Y, Li N, Bao L, Chen S (2010) J Appl Electrochem 40:783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Song MY, Kwon SN, Yoon SD, Mumm DR (2009) J Appl Electrochem 39:807CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Reale P, Privitera D, Panero S, Scrosati B (2007) Solid State Ionics 178:1390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Tang A, Huang K (2005) Mater Sci Eng B 122:115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zhu C, Yang C, Yang WD, Wu MS, Ysai HM, Hsieh CY, Fang HL (2010) J Appl Electrochem 40:1665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mantia FL, Rosciano F, Tran N, Novak P (2009) J Electrochem Soc 156:A823CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li C, Zhang HP, Fu LJ, Liu H, Wu YP, Rahm E, Holze R, Wu HQ (2006) Electrochim Acta 51:3872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fu LJ, Liu H, Li C, Wu YP, Rahm E, Holze R, Wu HQ (2006) Solid State Sci 8:113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Li H, Wang Z, Chen L, Huang X (2009) Adv Mater 21:1Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ryu KS, Lee SH, Koo BK, Lee JW, Kim KM, Park YJ (2008) J Appl Electrochem 38:1385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kim GY, Park YJ, Jung KH, Yang DJ, Lee JW, Kim HG (2008) J Appl Electrochem 38:1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fey GTK, Lu CZ, Huang JD, Kumar TP, Chang YC (2005) J Power Sources 146:65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kweon HJ, Kim SJ, Park DG (2000) J Power Sources 88:255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Cho J, Kim TJ, Kim J, Noh M, Park B (2004) J Electrochem Soc 151:A1899CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hu GR, Deng XR, Peng ZD, Du K (2008) Electrochim Acta 53:2567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kim YJ, Cho J, Kim TJ, Park B (2003) J Electrochem Soc 150:A1723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Inaguma Y, Matsui Y, Shan YJ, Itoh M, Nakamura T (1995) Solid State Ionics 79:91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Oguni M, Inaguma Y, Itoh M, Nakamura T (1994) Solid State Commun 91:627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Inaguma Y, Liquan C, Itoh M, Nakamura T, Uchidam T, Ikuta H, Wakihara M (1993) Solid State Commun 86:689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Inaguma Y, Chen L, Itoh M, Nakamura T (1994) Solid State Ionics 70:196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    He LX, Yoo HI (2003) Electrochim Acta 48:1357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Maruyama Y, Ogawa H, Kamimura M, Ono S (2008) Ionics 14:357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Inoue N, Zou Y (2005) Solid State Ionics 176:2341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Myung ST, Izumi K, Komaba S, Yashiro H, Bang HJ, Sun YK, Kumagai N (2007) J Phys Chem C 111:4061CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lee H, Kim Y, Hong YS, Kim Y, Kim MG, Shin NS, Cho J (2006) J Electrochem Soc 153:A781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Yi SB, Chung HT, Kim HG (2007) Electrochem Commun 9:591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wu Y, Murugan AV, Manthiram A (2008) J Electrochem Soc 155:A635CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kwang Hee Jung
    • 1
  • Ho-Gi Kim
    • 1
  • Kwang Man Kim
    • 2
  • Yong Joon Park
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringKorea Advanced Institute of Science and TechnologyDaejeonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Power Control Device Research TeamElectronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI)DaejonSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Advanced Materials EngineeringKyonggi UniversityGyeonggi-doSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations