Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 40, Issue 10, pp 1759–1765 | Cite as

Electrochemical degradation of Reactive Red 120 using DSA and BDD anodes

  • T. Panakoulias
  • P. Kalatzis
  • D. Kalderis
  • A. Katsaounis
Original Paper


Electrochemical oxidation of an azo dye (Reactive Red 120) was studied in acidic media (1 M HClO4) using DSA type (Ti/IrO2–RuO2) and boron doped diamond (BDD) anodes. Ti/IrO2–RuO2 exhibited low oxidation power with high selectivity to organic intermediates and low TOC removal (10% at 25 °C and 40% at 80 °C). On the other hand BDD was found to be suitable for total mineralization of the organic loading to CO2. In both cases, the decoloration of the solution was almost 100% achieved very quickly with BDD (2 Ah L−1) but only after long treatment with Ti/IrO2–RuO2 (25 Ah L−1). The instantaneous current efficiency (ICE) was up to 0.13 in the case of Ti/IrO2–RuO2 and up to 0.45 in the case of BDD.


Azo dye DSA BDD Electrochemical oxidation Reactive Red 120 Ti/IrO2–RuO2 



We would like to thank the reviewers for their thorough review and numerous helpful suggestions. We also thank Technical University of Crete for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Panakoulias
    • 1
  • P. Kalatzis
    • 1
  • D. Kalderis
    • 2
  • A. Katsaounis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringTechnical University of Crete, PolytechneioupolisChaniaGreece
  2. 2.Department of Natural Resources and the EnvironmentTechnological and Educational Institute of CreteChaniaGreece

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