Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 93–100 | Cite as

Polypyrrole electropolymerized on aluminum alloy 1100 doped with oxalate and tungstate anions

  • Kátia R. L. Castagno
  • Denise S. AzambujaEmail author
  • Viviane Dalmoro
Original Paper


Polypyrrole films doped with oxalic acid and tungstate were potentiostatically electropolymerized on aluminum alloy 1100. Two statistical factorial designs (fractional and complete) were used to study the influence of the synthesis variables on the film performance against corrosion. Corrosion protection of the polypyrrole films doped with oxalate and tungstate anions (PPy/OXA/W) on the aluminum alloy was evaluated by potentiometric and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements in a 0.05 mol L−1 NaCl solution. The results obtained showed that the best performance against corrosion was detected with the PPy/OXA/W film synthesized at 1.0 V, 1.5 C in 0.2 mol L−1 pyrrole, 0.1 mol L−1 oxalic acid and 0.05 mol L−1 sodium tungstate solutions provide a protective effect against corrosion.


Polypyrrole Aluminum Tungstate Corrosion 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of this work by CNPq and FAPERGS.


  1. 1.
    Tallman DE, Spinks G, Dominis A et al (2002) J Solid State Electrochem 6:73Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Breslin CB, Fenelon AM, Conroy KG (2005) Mater Des 26:233Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tallman DE, Vang C, Wallace GG et al (2002) J Electrochem Soc 149:C173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Martins JI, Costa SC, Bazzaoui M et al (2006) Electrochim Acta 51:5802CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Tüken T, Tansuğ G, Yazici B et al (2007) Prog Org Coat 59:88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cheung KM, Bloor D, Stevens GC (1988) Polymer 29:1709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bazzaoui M, Martins JI, Reis TC et al (2005) Thin solid Films 485:155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Biallozor S, Kupniewska A (2005) Synth Met 155:443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rammelt U, Duc LM, Plieth W (2005) J Appl Electrochem 35:1225CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lehr IL, Saidman SB (2006) Electrochim Acta 51:3249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zein El Abedin S (2001) J Appl Electrochem 31:711CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Silva JWJ, Codaro EN, Nakazato RZ et al (2005) Appl Surf Sci 252:1117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Lukiyanchuk IV, Rudnev VS, Kuryavyi VG et al (2004) Thin Solid Films 446:54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Montgomery DC (2001) Design and analysis of experiments. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Box GEP, Hunter WG, Hunter JS (1978) Statistics for experimenters—an introduction to design, data analysis and model building. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brasil JL, Martins LC, Ev RR et al (2005) Int J Environ Anal Chem 85:475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dias SLP, Fujiwara ST, Gushikem Y et al (2002) J Electroanal Chem 531:141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Otero TF, Cantero I (1999) J Electrochem Soc 146:4118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hung S-L, Wen T-C, Gopalan A (2002) Mater Lett 55:165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cortés MT, Sierra EV (2006) Polym Bull 56:37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hülser P, Beck F (1990) J Appl Electrochem 20:596CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Cotton FA (1999) Advanced inorganic chemistry. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Simonet J, Rault-Berthelot J (1989) Synth Met 33:2Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Saidman SB, Bessone JB (2002) J Electroanal Chem 521:87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Asavapiriyanont S, Chandler GK, Gunawardena GA et al (1984) J Electroanal Chem 177:229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Shimidzu T, Ohtani A, Aiba M et al (1988) J Chem Soc, Faraday Trans I 84:3941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cheng SA, Otero TF (2002) Synth Met 129:53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Takahashi M, Tsuchida T, Ohtsuka T (1996) Thin Solid Films 280:124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sung H, So H, Paik W-K (1994) Electrochim Acta 39:645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Otero TF, Cheng SA, Alonso D, Huerta F (2000) J Phys Chem B 104:10528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Pourbaix M (1963) Atlas d’Équilibres Électrochimiques. Gauthier-Villars, ParisGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Walter GW (1986) Corros Sci 26:681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Hunter TB, Tyler PS, Smyrl WH, White HS (2004) J Electrochem Soc 134:2198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kobayashi T, Yoneyama H, Tamura H (1984) J Electroanal Chem 177:293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pawar P, Gaikawad AB, Patil PP (2006) Sci Technol Adv Mater 7:732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Yägan A, Pekmez NO, Yildiz A (2008) Electrochim Acta 53:5242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Conroy KG, Breslin CB (2003) Electrochim Acta 48:721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Grgur BN, Krstajic NV, Vojnovic MV (1998) Prog Org Coat 33:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kátia R. L. Castagno
    • 1
  • Denise S. Azambuja
    • 1
    Email author
  • Viviane Dalmoro
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ChemistryFederal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil

Personalised recommendations