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Robotics and information technologies in education: four countries from Alpe-Adria-Danube Region survey


This paper presents the results of the survey that was conducted during 2018 in four countries: Bulgaria, Greece, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. The survey is a part of activities within the project “Increasing the well being of the population by RObotic and ICT based iNNovative education” (RONNI), funded by the Danube Strategic Project Fund (DSPF). The survey included two target groups: the teachers/experts and the parents; and the corresponding questionnaires (QR) were delivered to schools in each of the participating countries. A total of 428 subjects participated in the survey (231 parents and 197 teachers/experts). Seven hypotheses related to stakeholders attitudes and opinions were formed and tested in the work, showing highly favorable sentiment toward inclusion of robotics and information technology (IT) in the classroom but with some exceptions. The conclusions drawn, based on the analysis of the results, can be used for proposing strategies and methodologies aimed at boosting inclusion of IT in the teaching process, transferable across the regions to support effective learning as well as to identify possible problems with their implementation in relation to attitudes of stakeholders: teachers and parents.

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Availability of data and material

English version of the full survey can be found at, while data can be made available upon request.


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This work has been supported, in part, by the Danube Strategic Project Fund (DSPF) and the city of Vienna, Project No. 07_ECVII_PA07_RONNI “Increasing the well being of the population by RObotic and ICT based iNNovative educatIon (RONNI)”.

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Correspondence to Josip Musić.

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Data analysis was performed with R under Rstudio and code used can be made available upon request.

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See Table 3.

Table 3 Selected questions from the survey used in the analysis

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Musić, J., Bonković, M., Kružić, S. et al. Robotics and information technologies in education: four countries from Alpe-Adria-Danube Region survey. Int J Technol Des Educ 32, 749–771 (2022).

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  • Robotics
  • ICT
  • IT
  • Education
  • Survey
  • Stakeholders