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Orbital apex syndrome secondary to optic nerve cysticercosis

  • Pratik Chaugule
  • D. Ravi Varma
  • Preeti Patil Chhablani
Case Report

Abstract

A 22-year-old male presented to us with complaints of sudden painful loss of vision in left eye 10 days ago along with inward deviation of the left eye. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in right eye was 20/20 and 20/50 in left eye. Left eye showed limitation of abduction, a relative afferent pupillary defect, normal anterior segment with optic disc oedema. Contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain and orbit showed thickening of left optic nerve along with a cystic lesion near the orbital apex with a central iso- to hyperintense spot resembling a scolex. A diagnosis of left orbital apex syndrome secondary to optic nerve cysticercosis was made. Patient was treated with oral albendazole and intravenous corticosteroids for 3 days followed by oral corticosteroids. Ten weeks post-treatment, his BCVA in the left eye improved to 20/20 and colour vision and visual fields improved. Pallor of the left optic disc was noted, and ocular motility improved completely. MRI after treatment showed a decreased thickness of left optic nerve with disappearance of the cystic lesion.

Keywords

Optic nerve cysticercosis Orbital apex syndrome Sixth nerve palsy 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jasti V Ramanamma Children’s Eye Care CentreL V Prasad Eye InstituteHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Citi Neuro CentreHyderabadIndia

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