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Corneal densitometry after accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking in progressive keratoconus

  • Myriam Böhm
  • Mehdi Shajari
  • Matthias Remy
  • Thomas Kohnen
Original Paper
  • 65 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To analyze changes in corneal densitometry 3 months after accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) measured with Scheimpflug tomography.

Methods

In this study we reviewed charts and anterior segment data of patients who had undergone accelerated pulsed epithelium-off CXL (30 mW/cm2 for 4 min, 8 min total radiation time) for treatment of progressive keratoconus in the Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany. Visual, topographic, pachymetric and densitometric data were extracted before surgery and at the 3-month follow-up. Corneal densitometry measurements from different corneal layers and zones obtained using Scheimpflug tomography (Pentacam HR, Oculus).

Results

The study investigated 12 eyes of 12 patients. The anterior (120 μm) stromal layer within the 0.0 to 2.0 mm and 2.0 to 6.0 mm concentric zones showed a significant elevation of mean densitometry 3 months post-surgery (P = 0.045; P = 0.015) compared to baseline. A mean stromal demarcation line was apparent at a depth of 203.00 μm ± 13.53 (SD). After accelerated CXL, no change in mean corrected distance visual acuity (LogMAR) was observed but a thinning of the cornea measured by a significant reduction in central pachymetry (μm).

Conclusion

Accelerated CXL results in an increase in corneal densitometry, particularly in the anterior stromal layer within the two central concentric zones (0.0 to 2.0 mm and 2.0 to 6.0 mm) of the cornea at 3 months postoperatively. The changes in corneal densitometry of the anterior stromal layer did not correlate with postoperative visual acuity or central pachymetry.

Keywords

Corneal collagen cross-linking Densitometry Scheimpflug tomography Keratoconus 

Abbreviations

BSS

Balanced salt solution

CDVA

Corrected distance visual acuity

CXL

Corneal collagen cross-linking

D

Diopter

GSU

Grayscale unit

LogMAR

Logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution

OCT

Optical coherence tomography

UDVA

Uncorrected distance visual acuity

UV-A

Ultraviolet-A

Notes

Funding

Myriam Böhm: none; Mehdi Shajari: Oculus; Matthias Remy: Avedro Inc.: Travel has been funded; Thomas Kohnen receives grant support from Hoya, J&J Vision (Abbott), Novartis (Alcon), Oculentis, Oculus, Schwind, and Zeiss; and is a consultant to Geuder, J&J Vision (Abbott), Novartis (Alcon), Oculus, Santen, Schwind, STAAR, TearLab, Thea Pharma, Thieme Compliance, Ziemer, and Zeiss.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Myriam Böhm and Mehdi Shajari declare that they have no conflict of interest. Matthias Remy has received a travel honorarium from Avedro (Waltham, MA 02451, USA).

Human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

No informed consent was obtained from patients since this was a retrospective study and data were anonymized. This is in accordance with the ethical vote obtained from the local ethics committee.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyGoethe UniversityFrankfurt am MainGermany

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