Repeatability and agreement of central corneal thickness measurement with non-contact methods: a comparative study

Original Paper

Abstract

Purpose

To compare the central corneal thickness (CCT) measurements and reliability of RTVue XR-100 anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), AL-scan optical biometer and Schwind Sirius anterior segment analysis system.

Methods

The CCT was measured in one hundred and twenty-seven eyes of 127 healthy subjects with AS-OCT, AL-scan and Sirius system. Mean CCT was compared among the instruments, and the level of agreement was assessed using Bland–Altman plots. One eye each of 30 subjects was randomly assigned for intrasession intraoperator and interoperator repeatability which was assessed using coefficient of variation and intraclass correlation coefficient.

Results

Mean CCT with AS-OCT, AL-scan and Sirius system was 496.72 ± 32.75, 507.43 ± 33.54 and 512.08 ± 33.1 µm, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between AL-scan and Sirius system (p = 0.26). Significant difference was found between AS-OCT/AL-scan (p = 0.01) and AS-OCT/Sirius system (p < 0.0001). Bland–Altman analysis showed a high level of agreement between AL-Scan/Sirius system (Mean difference −4.6 µm) and a low level of agreement between AS-OCT/AL-scan (Mean difference −10.7 µm) and OCT/Sirius system (Mean difference −15.4 µm).

Conclusions

AS-OCT underestimated CCT measurements when compared to other two devices in healthy subjects. Hence, one must be cautious when analyzing the results from different machines and should be aware that the measurement values are not interchangeable.

Keywords

CCT measurement RTVue XR-100 anterior segment optical coherence tomography AL-scan optical biometer Schwind Sirius anterior segment analysis system 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest (such as honoraria; educational grants; participation in speakers’ bureaus; membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest; and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements), or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs) in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sita Lakshmi Glaucoma CenterAnand Eye InstituteHabsiguda, HyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of StatisticsNational Institute of NutritionHyderabadIndia

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