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Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT): 1-year results in early and advanced open angle glaucoma

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in eyes with early and more advanced stages of open angle glaucoma within 1 year of follow-up. Retrospective chart review in a consecutive series of patients treated by SLT to reduce intraocular pressure (IOP) or decrease number of topical medications in cases of discomfort and allergy. The cup-to-disc ratio of the optic nerve and the GSS 2 (glaucoma staging system 2) was used to differentiate between early (group 1) and more advanced (group 2) stages of glaucoma. At the time of SLT treatment, no new signs of glaucoma progression were seen. Only the first treated eye of every patient was included in the analysis. In group 1 (early glaucoma), 27 eyes were included. IOP reduction <21 mmHg/>20 % of the preoperative IOP-value and reduction of medication were achieved in 17 eyes (62.96 %). Successful re-treatment was necessary in 2 eyes (7.4 %). In group 2 (advanced glaucoma), 44 eyes underwent SLT. In eight eyes (18.18 %), filtrating surgery was necessary after initial SLT. In the remaining 36 eyes, IOP reduction <21 mmHg/>20 % of the baseline IOP was achieved in 26 eyes (59.09 % of 44 eyes) and IOP reduction <18 mmHg/> 30 % of the baseline IOP in 22 eyes (50 % of 44 eyes). SLT was safe and effective in nearly 2/3 of early glaucoma patients and also in 50 % of advanced glaucoma patients using stronger criteria of success. Failure of SLT in advanced glaucoma should lead to immediate filtrating surgery, which seems not to be associated with higher risk of fibrosis.

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The authors have declare no financial or conflicting interest.

Ethical standards

This retrospective study adhered to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki.

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Correspondence to Torsten Schlote.

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Schlote, T., Kynigopoulos, M. Selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT): 1-year results in early and advanced open angle glaucoma. Int Ophthalmol 36, 55–61 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10792-015-0079-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10792-015-0079-1

Keywords

  • Selective laser trabeculoplasty
  • Trabeculoplasty
  • Glaucoma
  • Intraocular pressure