Human Capabilities and the Ethics of Debt

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Notes

  1. 1.

    See especially Graeber 2011 and Mauss 1990.

  2. 2.

    For more on the history of philosophical thought about debt, see Padgett Walsh 2018 and Niewdana 2015.

  3. 3.

    Plato 2000, 330-332; Plato 2016, Book V.

  4. 4.

    Aristotle 1999, 1121b-1122a

  5. 5.

    Aristotle 1990, 1133a; see also Douglas 2016.

  6. 6.

    Aquinas 1975, 2a2ae78

  7. 7.

    See also Dienst 2017, Kloeckner 2020, and McClanahan 2017.

  8. 8.

    See especially Nietzsche 1989, 57-73.

  9. 9.

    See especially Baradaran 2015, Halpern 2014, and Harris 2016.

  10. 10.

    See Hurd and Brubaker (forthcoming), Persad 2018, and Spooner 2019.

  11. 11.

    See Montgomerie 2019 and Ross 2014.

  12. 12.

    Bacon 1844, pp. 47-48

  13. 13.

    See especially Grotius 1901, pp. 150-158 and Pufendorf 1729, p. 510.

  14. 14.

    See especially Bentham 1818, p. 57 and Smith 1937, p. 333.

  15. 15.

    See, for example, Duca et. al. 2016.

  16. 16.

    Sen 2001, pp. 21-24.

  17. 17.

    Sen 1993, pp. 47-8.

  18. 18.

    United Nations Human Rights Commissioner 2016.

  19. 19.

    Sen 2001, p. 30.

  20. 20.

    Central Intelligence Agency 2020.

  21. 21.

    Openshaw and Terry 2015.

  22. 22.

    Convergences World Forum 2019.

  23. 23.

    Roodman 2012.

  24. 24.

    See Servet 2015.

  25. 25.

    See Morvant-Roux and Roesch 2015.

  26. 26.

    See Baumann et al. 2015.

  27. 27.

    See Guerin et al. 2012.

  28. 28.

    See also Christiaens 2018.

  29. 29.

    See Picherit 2015.

  30. 30.

    Dvara Trust 2020.

  31. 31.

    Federal Reserve 2020a.

  32. 32.

    Federal Reserve 2020b.

  33. 33.

    See, for example, Cooper et al. 2016.

  34. 34.

    See, for example, Mian et al. 2017.

  35. 35.

    For a related approach, see Claassen 2017.

  36. 36.

    Pew Research Center 2016.

  37. 37.

    Consumer Financial Protection Bureau 2014.

  38. 38.

    Pew Research Center 2016 and Pew Research Center 2012.

  39. 39.

    Sweet et al. 2018.

  40. 40.

    Gathergood et al. 2018.

  41. 41.

    Eisenberg-Guyot et al. 2018.

  42. 42.

    Hundley et al. 2018 and Chang 2019.

  43. 43.

    Department of Defense 2015.

  44. 44.

    Digest of Education Statistics 2018 and Urban Institute 2020.

  45. 45.

    Institute for College Access and Success 2019.

  46. 46.

    Sullivan et al. 2019 and Federal Reserve Bank of New York 2019.

  47. 47.

    Pew Research Center 2019.

  48. 48.

    Sullivan et al. 2019.

  49. 49.

    Pew Research Center 2019.

  50. 50.

    Quesnel-Vallée and Taylor 2012.

  51. 51.

    Buckles et al. 2016.

  52. 52.

    Hout 2012.

  53. 53.

    Oreopoulos and Salvanes 2011.

  54. 54.

    Barr et al. 2019 and Dynarski 2019.

  55. 55.

    Sullivan et al. 2019.

  56. 56.

    U.S. Department of Education 2015.

  57. 57.

    Shapiro, et al. 2018.

  58. 58.

    Wilbur and Roscigno 2016.

  59. 59.

    Libassi 2018 and Manzoni and Streib 2018.

  60. 60.

    Daly et al. 2017 and Manzoni and Streib 2018.

  61. 61.

    Kimbro, et al. 2008.

  62. 62.

    Jones and Schmitt 2014.

  63. 63.

    Cherney et al. 2019.

  64. 64.

    Walsemann et al. 2015.

  65. 65.

    Kim and Chatterjee 2018.

  66. 66.

    Sullivan et al. 2019.

  67. 67.

    Elliott and Lewis 2015.

  68. 68.

    Federal Reserve Bank of New York 2019 and Mayer et al. 2008.

  69. 69.

    Hojman et al. 2016 and Zhang and Kim 2018.

  70. 70.

    Choi 2009 and Turunen and Hiilamo 2014.

  71. 71.

    Insler 2017.

  72. 72.

    Walsemann et al. 2015 and Kim and Chatterjee 2018.

  73. 73.

    Dettling and Hsu 2018.

  74. 74.

    Addo et al. 2019, Haneman 2017, and Min and Taylor 2018.

  75. 75.

    Herron 2015.

  76. 76.

    Tabit and Winters 2019 and Ambrose et al. 2015.

  77. 77.

    College Promise Campaign 2018 and Carruthers 2019.

  78. 78.

    Tolbert et al. 2019.

  79. 79.

    Gallup 2019.

  80. 80.

    Gallup 2019.

  81. 81.

    The Commonwealth Fund 2020.

  82. 82.

    Sawyer and McDermott 2019.

  83. 83.

    Hamel et al. 2019.

  84. 84.

    World Health Organization 2019.

  85. 85.

    Hamel et al. 2019.

  86. 86.

    Hackney et al. 2016.

  87. 87.

    Hamel et al. 2019.

  88. 88.

    See, for example, Wolf 2008.

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Correspondence to Kate Padgett Walsh.

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Padgett Walsh, K., Lewiston, J. Human Capabilities and the Ethics of Debt. J Value Inquiry (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10790-020-09770-1

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