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Comments on Badhwar, Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life

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Notes

  1. I am grateful to Owen Flanagan for alerting me to this special issue.

  2. My comments on hope draw on a work in progress, Landscapes of Hope: The ‘What,’ ‘Why,’ and ‘How’ of Hope.

  3. Some philosophers argue that probability estimates are involved in hoping (see Day 1969); others, that hope requires mental imaging or exercises of the imagination (see Bovens 1999 and Martin 2014, respectively); and others, that hope imparts to desire a kind of special motivational force or buoyancy (see Aquinas 2008 and Walker 2006).

  4. I say ‘could be’ because such misbeliefs might not be necessary. Perhaps Artemesia has been fed some love potion that causes her to fall in love with me, and I thereby attain the object of my hope without having to form any misbeliefs about myself.

  5. I owe this example to Margaret Walker.

References

  • Aquinas, Thomas. 2008. Summa Theologica. Secunda Secundae Partis http://www.newadvent.org/summa/2040html. Accessed January 10, 2011.

  • Badhwar, Badhwar K. 2014. Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life. New York: Oxford.

  • Bovens, Luc. 1999. “The Value of Hope.” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3): 667–682.

  • Elkin, Lynne Osman. 2003. “Rosalind Franklin and the Double Helix.” Physics Today 53 (3): 42–48.

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/tech/rosalind-franklin-legacy.html. “Rosalind Franklin’s Legacy.” Interview with Lynne Osman Elkin. Accessed Jan. 17, 2015.

  • Maddox, Brenda. 2002. Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA. New York: HarperCollins.

  • Martin, Adrienne. 2014. How We Hope: A Moral Psychology. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

  • McKay, Ryan T. and Daniel C. Dennett. 2009. “The Evolution of Misbelief.” Brain and Behavioral Sciences 32: 493–561.

  • Oettingen, Gabriele. 2014. Rethinking Positive Thinking: Inside the New Science of Motivation. New York: Current (Penguin).

  • Pettit, Philip. 2004. “Hope and Its Place in Mind.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 592: 152–165.

  • Sayre, Anne. 2000. Rosalind Franklin and DNA. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

  • Snow, Nancy E. 2010. Virtue as Social Intelligence: An Empirically Grounded Theory. New York: Routledge.

  • Taylor, Shelley E. 1989. Positive Illusions: Creative Self-Deception and the Healthy Mind. New York, New York: Basic Books, Inc.

  • Taylor, Shelley E. and Jonathan D. Brown. 1994. “Positive Illusions and Well-Being Revisited: Separating Fact From Fiction.” Psychological Bulletin 116 (1): 21–27.

  • Taylor, Shelley E. and Jonathan D. Brown. 1988. “Illusion and Well-Being: A Social Psychological Perspective on Mental Health.” Psychological Bulletin 103 (2): 193–210.

  • Tiger, Lionel. 1999. “Hope Springs Internal.” Social Research 66 (2): 611–623.

  • Tiger, Lionel. 1995. Optimism: The Biology of Hope. New York: Kodansha America, Inc.

  • Walker, Margaret Urban. 2006. Moral Repair: Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoing. New York: Cambridge University Press.

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Snow, N.E. Comments on Badhwar, Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life . J Value Inquiry 50, 209–217 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10790-016-9545-x

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Keywords

  • Practical Wisdom
  • Positive Illusion
  • Physical Danger
  • Human Cognitive System
  • Worthwhile Life