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Comments on Badhwar, Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life

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  1. I am grateful to Owen Flanagan for alerting me to this special issue.

  2. My comments on hope draw on a work in progress, Landscapes of Hope: The ‘What,’ ‘Why,’ and ‘How’ of Hope.

  3. Some philosophers argue that probability estimates are involved in hoping (see Day 1969); others, that hope requires mental imaging or exercises of the imagination (see Bovens 1999 and Martin 2014, respectively); and others, that hope imparts to desire a kind of special motivational force or buoyancy (see Aquinas 2008 and Walker 2006).

  4. I say ‘could be’ because such misbeliefs might not be necessary. Perhaps Artemesia has been fed some love potion that causes her to fall in love with me, and I thereby attain the object of my hope without having to form any misbeliefs about myself.

  5. I owe this example to Margaret Walker.


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Correspondence to Nancy E. Snow.

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Snow, N.E. Comments on Badhwar, Well-Being: Happiness in a Worthwhile Life . J Value Inquiry 50, 209–217 (2016).

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  • Practical Wisdom
  • Positive Illusion
  • Physical Danger
  • Human Cognitive System
  • Worthwhile Life