Andonova, L. B. (2010). Public-private partnerships for the earth: Politics and patterns of hybrid authority in the multilateral system. Global Environmental Politics, 10(2), 25–53.
APP. (2013). Sustainability targets and components. https://www.asiapulppaper.com/sustainability/vision-2020/targets-and-components. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
APP. (2014). APP to support the protection and restoration of one million hectares of forest in Indonesia. http://www.asiapulppaper.com/news-media/press-releases/app-support-protection-and-restoration-one-million-hectares-forest. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
APP. (2015a). Asia Pulp & Paper’s commitment to support the protection and restoration of Indonesian forest landscape accepted into Bonn Challenge. https://www.asiapulppaper.com/news-media/press-releases/asia-pulp-papers-commitment-support-protection-and-restoration-indonesian-forest-landscape-accepted-bonn-challenge. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
APP. (2015b). APP launches agroforestry programme in 500 villages to help protect Indonesia’s forests. https://www.asiapulppaper.com/id/node/2582. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
APP. (2015c). Asia Pulp and Paper joins We Mean Business campaign and commits to remove deforestation from its supply chain. http://www.asiapulppaper.com/id/news-media/app-news/asia-pulp-and-paper-joins-we-mean-business-campaign-and-commits-remove-deforestation-its-supply-chain. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
APP. (2015d). APP is a partner of ‘Solutions COP21’. https://asiapulppaper.com/id/. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
APP. (2018). About APP. https://www.asiapulppaper.com/about-app. Accessed 8 May, 2018.
Bäckstrand, K., Kuyper, J. W., Linnér, B.-O., & Lövbrand, E. (2017). Non-state actors in global climate governance: From Copenhagen to Paris and beyond. Environmental Politics, 26(4), 561–579.
Boucher, D., Elias, P., Lininger, K., May-Tobin, C., Roquemore, S., & Saxon, E. (2011). The root of the problem: What’s driving tropical deforestation today. Cambridge: Union of Concerned Scientists.
Bowen, F. (2014). After greenwashing. Symbolic corporate environmentalism and society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Brühl, T., & Hofferberth, M. (2013). Global companies as social actors: Constructing private business in global governance. In J. Mikler (Ed.), The handbook of global companies (pp. 350–370). Chichester: Wiley.
Carrington, D. (2014). Is APP’s zero deforestation pledge a green villain’s dramatic turnaround? The Guardian, 2014. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/mar/26/app-deforestation-greenpeace-campaign. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Cashore, B., Auld, G., & Newsom, D. (2004). Governing through markets: Forest certification and the emergence of non-state authority. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Chakravarty, S., Ghosh, S. K., Suresh, C. P., Dey, A. N., & Shukla, G. (2012). Deforestation: Causes, effects and control strategies. In C. A. Okia (Ed.), Global perspectives on sustainable forest management (pp. 3–28). Rijeka: InTech.
Chan, S., Brandi, C., & Bauer, S. (2016). Aligning transnational climate action with international climate governance: The road from Paris. RECIEL, 25, 238–247.
Clapp, J. (2005). Transnational corporations and global environmental politics. In P. Dauvergne (Ed.), Handbook of global environmental politics (pp. 284–297). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Clark, D. (2011). A complete guide to carbon offsetting. The Guardian, 2011. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2011/sep/16/carbon-offset-projects-carbon-emissions. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Coy, S. (2015). 10 Jahre Unternehmensverantwortung bei Tchibo. http://blog.tchibo.com/aktuell/unternehmen/10-jahre-unternehmensverantwortung-bei-tchibo/. Accessed 8 February, 2018.
Cutler, A. C., Haufler, V., & Porter, T. (1999). Private authority and international affairs. In A. C. Cutler, V. Haufler, & T. Porter (Eds.), Private authority and international affairs (pp. 3–28). New York: State University of New York.
Czinkota, M. R. (2016). The Honorable Merchant and customer trust: Key dimensions for international business success. Thunderbird International Business Review, 58(3), 191–198.
Davis-Peccoud, J. (2013). Sustainability matters in the battle for talent. Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org/2013/05/sustainability-matters-in-the. Accessed 21 May, 2018.
Falkner, R. (2001). Business conflict and U.S. international environmental policy: Ozone, climate, and biodiversity. In P. G. Harris (Ed.), The environment, international relations, and U.S. foreign policy (pp. 157–177). Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
Falkner, R. (2003). Private environmental governance and international relations: Exploring the links. Global Environmental Politics, 3(2), 72–87.
Falkner, R. (2010). Business and global climate governance: A neo-pluralist perspective. In M. Ougaard & A. Leander (Eds.), Business and global governance (pp. 99–117). London: Routledge.
Finnemore, M., & Sikkink, K. (2001). Taking stock: The constructivist research program in international relations and comparative politics. Annual Review of Political Science, 4(1), 391–416.
Flohr, A., Rieth, L., Schwindenhammer, S., & Wolf, K. D. (2010). The role of business in global governance: Corporations as norm-entrepreneurs. Basingstoke, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Freeman, R. E. (1984). Strategic management: A stakeholder approach. Boston, MA: Pitman.
Fuchs, D. A. (2007). Business power in global governance. Boulder: Rienner.
GCP. (2016). Sleeping giants of deforestation: The companies, countries and financial institutions with the power to save forests. The 2016 Forest 500 results and analysis. https://globalcanopy.org/publications/sleeping-giants-of-deforestation-2016-forest-500-results-and-analysis. Accessed 4 May, 2018.
GCP. (2017). Company assessment methodology 2017. https://forest500.org/sites/default/files/2017_company_assessment_methodology.pdf. Accessed 4 May, 2018.
Goldstein, A. (2016). Buying in: Taking stock of the role of offsets in corporate carbon strategies. Washington: Forest Trends.
Graham, D., & Woods, N. (2006). Making corporate self-regulation effective in developing countries. World Development, 34(5), 868–883.
Green, J. F. (2014). Rethinking private authority: Agents and entrepreneurs in global environmental governance. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Greenpeace. (2010). How Sinar Mas is pulping the planet. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/reports/SinarMas-APP/. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Griscom, B. W., Adams, J., Ellis, P. W., Houghton, R. A., et al. (2017). Natural climate solutions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, 11645–11650.
Gulbrandsen, L. H. (2004). Overlapping public and private governance: Can forest certification fill the gaps in the global forest regime? Global Environmental Politics, 4, 75–99.
Haggar, J., & Schepp, K. (2012). Coffee and climate change. Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich.
Haufler, V. (2001). A public role for the private sector: Industry self-regulation in a global economy. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Haufler, V. (2003). New forms of governance: Certification regimes as social regulations of the global market. In E. Meidinger, C. Elliott, & G. Oesten (Eds.), Social and political dimensions of forest certification (pp. 237–247). Remagen: Verlag Kessel.
Haufler, V. (2010). Corporations in zones of conflict: Issues, actors, and institutions. In D. D. Avant, M. Finnemore, & S. K. Sell (Eds.), Who governs the globe? (pp. 102–130). Cambridge: Biozone International.
Hicks, R. (2017). Asia Pulp and Paper sustainability chief Aida Greenbury exits. Eco-Business. http://www.eco-business.com/news/asia-pulp-and-paper-sustainability-chief-aida-greenbury-exits/. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Hofferberth, M. (2016). Multinationale Unternehmen in der Weltpolitik: Zur Kontingenz von Rolle und Bedeutung, sozialer Akteure‘. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
Hofferberth, M. (2017). ‘And of course our major contribution remains to run a decent business’: Making sense of Shell’s sense-making in Nigeria during the 1990s. Business and Politics, 19(1), 135–165.
Hofferberth, M., Brühl, T., Burkart, E., Fey, M., & Peltner, A. (2011). Multinational enterprises as ‘social actors’: Constructivist explanations for Corporate Social Responsibility. Global Society, 25(2), 205–226.
Holzer, B. (2010). Moralizing the corporation: Transnational activism and corporate accountability. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Hsieh, H.-F., & Shannon, S. E. (2005). Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 1277–1288.
ICC. (2015). Global business sends clear message to policymakers for ambitious deal at COP21. https://iccwbo.org/media-wall/news-speeches/global-business-sends-clear-message-to-policymakers-for-ambitious-deal-at-cop21/. Accessed 4 May, 2018.
IPCC. (2014). Agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU). In O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, et al. (Eds.), Climate change 2014: Mitigation of climate change: Contribution of working group III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jordan, A., Wurzel, R. K. W., & Zito, A. R. (2005). Environmental governance or government? The international politics of environmental instruments. In P. Dauvergne (Ed.), Handbook of global environmental politics (pp. 202–217). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Kolk, A., Kourula, A., & Pisani, N. (2017). Multinational enterprises and the Sustainable Development Goals: What do we know and how to proceed? Transnational Corporations, 24(3), 9–32.
Kolk, A., Levy, D. L., & Pinske, J. (2008). Corporate responses in an emerging climate regime: The institutionalization and commensuration of carbon disclosure. European Accounting Review, 17(4), 719–745.
Kollman, K. (2008). The regulatory power of business norms: A call for a new research agenda. International Studies Review, 10(3), 397–419.
Kollman, K., & Prakash, A. (2001). Green by choice? Cross-national variations in firms’ responses to EMS-based environmental regime. World Politics, 53(3), 399–430.
Kondracki, N. L., Wellman, N. S., & Amundson, D. R. (2002). Content analysis: Review of methods and their applications in nutrition education. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 34, 224–230.
Levy, D. L., & Newell, P. (2000). Oceans apart? Business responses to global environmental issues in Europe and the United States. Environment, 42(9), 8–20.
Levy, D. L., & Newell, P. (2002). Business strategy and international environmental governance: Toward a neo-Gramscian synthesis. Global Environmental Politics, 2(4), 84–101.
Malets, O., & Böhling, K. (2018). The Perspective of civil society organizations: The missing link in corporate social responsibility activities and programs. In H. Backhaus-Maul, M. Kunze, & S. Nährlich (Eds.), Gesellschaftliche Verantwortung von Unternehmen in Deutschland: Ein Kompendium zur Erschließung eines sich entwickelnden Themenfeldes (pp. 49–66). Wiesbaden: Springer.
March, J. G., & Olsen, J. P. (1998). The institutional dynamics of international political orders. International Organization, 52, 943–969.
McCarthy, B. (2016). Supply change: Tracking corporate commitments to deforestation-free supply chains. Washington: Forest Trends.
Morrison, J. (2014). Business and Society: Defining the ‘Social Licence’. The Guardian, 2014. https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2014/sep/29/social-licence-operate-shell-bp-business-leaders. Accessed 6 June, 2018.
Nielsen. (2015). The sustainability imperative: New insights on consumer expectations. https://www.nielsen.com/content/dam/nielsenglobal/dk/docs/global-sustainability-report-oct-2015.pdf. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Nuremberg Chamber of Commerce and Industry. (2017). The Honorable Merchant. https://www.ihk-nuernberg.de/de/media/PDF/Publikationen/Hauptgeschaeftsfuehrung/broschuere-the-honorable-merchant-.pdf. Accessed 16 May, 2018.
Olsen, J. P. (2007). Understanding institutions and logics of appropriateness: Introductory essay. ARENA Working paper no. 13. http://www.sv.uio.no/arena/english/research/publications/arena-working-papers/2001-2010/2007/wp07_13.pdf. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Oxford Dictionary. (2018). Rule: Definition 1. https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/. Accessed 3 May, 2018.
Pattberg, P. H. (2005a). The institutionalization of private governance: How business and nonprofit organizations agree on transnational rules. Governance, 18(4), 589–610.
Pattberg, P. H. (2005b). What role for private rule-making in global environmental governance? Analyzing the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC). International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 5(2), 175–189.
Pattberg, P. H. (2005c). The Forest Stewardship Council: Risk and potential of private forest governance. The Journal of Environment and Development, 14(39), 356–374.
Pattberg, P. H., & Stripple, J. (2007). Remapping global climate governance: Fragmentation beyond the public/private divide. Global governance working paper no. 32.
Persson, M., Henders, S., & Kastner, T. (2014). Trading forests: Quantifying the contribution of global commodity markets to emissions from tropical deforestation. Working paper 384, Center for Global Development.
Rainforest Alliance. (2015). An evaluation of Asia Pulp & Paper’s progress to meet its forest conservation policy (2013) and additional public statements: 18 month progress evaluation report. New York: Rainforest Alliance.
Rao, H. (1994). The social construction of reputation: Certification contests, legitimation, and the survival of organizations in the automobile industry: 1895–1912. Strategic Management Journal, 15(8), 29–44.
Rindova, V. P., Williamson, I. O., Petkova, A. P., & Sever, J. M. (2005). Being good or being known: An empirical examination of the dimensions, antecedents, and consequences of organizational reputation. Academy of Management Journal, 48(6), 1033–1049.
Rosenau, J. N. (1995). Governance in the twenty-first century. Global Governance, 1(1), 13–43.
Schaltegger, S., & Lüdeke-Freund, F. (2012). The ‘business case for sustainability’ concept: A short introduction. Centre for Sustainability Management (CSM), Lüneburg.
Scherer, A. G., & Palazzo, G. (2012). The new political role of business in a globalized world: A review of a new perspective on CSR and its implications for the firm, governance, and democracy. In H. Corsten & S. Roth (Eds.), Nachhaltigkeit: Unternehmerisches Handeln in globaler Verantwortung (pp. 15–50). Wiesbaden: Gabler Verlag.
Scherer, A. G., Palazzo, G., & Matten, D. (2014). The business firm as a political actor: A new theory of the firm for a globalized world. Business and Society, 53(2), 143–156.
Scott, C. E., Monks, S. A., Spracklen, D. V., & Arnold, S. R. (2018). Impact on short-lived climate forcers increases projected warming due to deforestation. Nature Communications, 9, 157.
Shah, V. (2017). NGOs decry APP’s new giant paper mill. Eco-Business, 2017. http://www.eco-business.com/news/ngos-decry-apps-new-giant-paper-mill/. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Skar, R. (2014). What Greenpeace learned from five years with Kimberly-Clark. https://www.greenpeace.org/usa/greenpeace-learned-five-years-kimberly-clark/. Accessed 8 May, 2018.
Smedley, T. (2015). Forget carbon offsetting, insetting is the future. The Guardian, 2015. https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/jan/09/. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Turnbull, P. W. (1985). The image and reputation of British suppliers in Western Europe. European Journal, 19(6), 39–52.
Twin. (2015). Improving climate change resilience for smallholder coffee farmers. http://www.twin.org.uk/assets/Improving-Climate-Change-Resilience-for-Smallholder-Coffee-Farmers-Twin-2015.pdf. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
Ullmann, P. (2018). Companies should use profits for the good of society. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/business/2018/05/07/companies-should-use-profits-good-society/. Accessed 9 May, 2018.
UN. (2014). New York declaration on forests. http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2014/07/New-York-Declaration-on-Forest-%E2%80%93-Action-Statement-and-Action-Plan.pdf. Accessed 13 March, 2018.
West, T. (2018). Big business v. social enterprise round 1: UK recruitment giant boss demands public contracts overhaul. https://www.pioneerspost.com/news-views/20180509/big-business-v-social-enterprise-round-1-uk-recruitment-giant-boss-demands. Accessed 9 May, 2018.
Wilcox, M. (2017). L’Oreal, Chanel and Nespresso pioneer ‘carbon insetting’. https://www.greenbiz.com/article/loreal-chanel-and-nespresso-pioneer-carbon-insetting. Accessed 11 April, 2018.
Wolf, K. D. (2008). The new interplay between the state, business and civil society. In A. G. Scherer & G. Palazzo (Eds.), Handbook of research on global corporate citizenship (pp. 225–248). Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Zelli, F., Möller, I., & van Asselt, H. (2017). Institutional complexity and private authority in global climate governance: The cases of climate engineering, REDD + and short-lived climate pollutants. Environmental Politics, 26(4), 669–693.
Zürn, M. (1998). Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates: Globalisierung und Denationalisierung als Chance. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.