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Informed consent utilizing satellite imagery in forestry carbon trading with North Korea

  • Dan-Bi Um
  • Jung-Sup UmEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Informed consent can assist in mitigating investment risks associated with forestry carbon trading in North Korea by supporting corporate responsibility. Scientific developments for collecting information necessary to informed consent far outpace the development of inter-Korean regulatory frameworks. This paper seeks to identify how the intersection of legal and technological disciplines can foster informed consent, through the responsible application of satellite data. The permanent record of standard satellite remote-sensing systems demonstrates its capability of presenting area-wide visual evidence of forest conditions. Such data are essential to initiating informed consent, establishing a carbon stock baseline, detecting and quantifying rates of land-cover change, and quantifying above-ground biomass stocks as specified in the Kyoto Protocol. This research could be a valuable reference for utilizing the capabilities of satellites with informed consent obligations in North Korea by suggesting the provision of realistic informed consent mechanisms.

Keywords

Informed consent Satellite imagery Forestry carbon trading North Korea 

Abbreviations

AFoCO

Asian Forest Cooperation Organization

ARCDM

Afforestation/Reforestation-Clean Development Mechanism

Basel Convention

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal

BAU

Business as usual

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CER

Certified Emission Reduction

CSR

Corporate social responsibility

DPRK

Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FAO

FLRM Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism

FPIC

Free Prior Informed Consent

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GHG

Greenhouse gas

ICJ

International Court of Justice

KNCU

Korean Nature Conservation Union, DPRK

KFST

Korean Federation of Science and Technology (DPRK)

LiDAR

Laser Imaging, Detection and Ranging

LULUCF

Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry inventories

MEA

Multilateral environmental agreements

NCCE

National Coordinating Committee for Environment (DPRK)

PIC

Prior Informed Consent

REDD+

United Nations Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries

UNDRIP

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

UNEP

United Nations Environment Program

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2015R1D1A1A01056801). We thank NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, United States) and US Geological Survey for providing Landsat satellite data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law School of Korea UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of GeographyKyungpook National UniversityDaeguSouth Korea

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