Informed consent utilizing satellite imagery in forestry carbon trading with North Korea

  • Dan-Bi Um
  • Jung-Sup UmEmail author
Original Paper


Informed consent can assist in mitigating investment risks associated with forestry carbon trading in North Korea by supporting corporate responsibility. Scientific developments for collecting information necessary to informed consent far outpace the development of inter-Korean regulatory frameworks. This paper seeks to identify how the intersection of legal and technological disciplines can foster informed consent, through the responsible application of satellite data. The permanent record of standard satellite remote-sensing systems demonstrates its capability of presenting area-wide visual evidence of forest conditions. Such data are essential to initiating informed consent, establishing a carbon stock baseline, detecting and quantifying rates of land-cover change, and quantifying above-ground biomass stocks as specified in the Kyoto Protocol. This research could be a valuable reference for utilizing the capabilities of satellites with informed consent obligations in North Korea by suggesting the provision of realistic informed consent mechanisms.


Informed consent Satellite imagery Forestry carbon trading North Korea 



Asian Forest Cooperation Organization


Afforestation/Reforestation-Clean Development Mechanism

Basel Convention

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal


Business as usual


Convention on Biological Diversity


Certified Emission Reduction


Corporate social responsibility


Democratic People’s Republic of Korea


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations


FLRM Forest and Landscape Restoration Mechanism


Free Prior Informed Consent


Global Environment Facility


Greenhouse gas


International Court of Justice


Korean Nature Conservation Union, DPRK


Korean Federation of Science and Technology (DPRK)


Laser Imaging, Detection and Ranging


Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry inventories


Multilateral environmental agreements


National Coordinating Committee for Environment (DPRK)


Prior Informed Consent


United Nations Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries


United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


United Nations Environment Program


United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change



This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2015R1D1A1A01056801). We thank NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, United States) and US Geological Survey for providing Landsat satellite data.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Law School of Korea UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of GeographyKyungpook National UniversityDaeguSouth Korea

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