Advertisement

Journal of Indian Philosophy

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 111–131 | Cite as

No Black Scorpion is Falling: An Onto-Epistemic Analysis of Absence

  • Nirmalya GuhaEmail author
Article

Abstract

An absence and its locus are the same ontological entity. But the cognition of the absence is different from the cognition of the locus. The cognitive difference is caused by a query followed by a cognitive process of introspection. The moment one perceptually knows y that contains only one thing, z, one is in a position to conclude that y contains the absence of any non-z. After having a query as to whether y has x one revisits one’s knowledge of y containing z and comes to know that x is absent from y. Thus the knowledge of the absence of x logically follows from the knowledge of y containing z through the mediation of a query. This analysis goes against the thesis according to which an absence is an irreducible entity that is to be known through senses, and is inspired by the Mīmāṃsā views, especially the Prābhākara views, on absence and its cognition.

Keywords

Nyāya Bhāṭṭā Prābhākara Absence 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Buchdahl, G. (1961). The problem of negation. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 22(2), 163–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dasgupta, S. N. (1922). A history of Indian philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Demos, R. (1917). A discussion of a certain type of negative proposition. Mind, 26(102), 188–196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dravida, L. S. (1916). Sastradipika of Parthasarathi Mishra. Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series: Benares.Google Scholar
  5. Gale, R. M. (1972). On What There isn’t. The Review of Metaphysics, 25(3), 459–488.Google Scholar
  6. Gillon, B. S. (2001). Negative facts and knowledge of negative facts. In R. W. Perrett (Ed.), Indian philosophy: A collection of readings (metaphysics). New York: Garland Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar
  7. Heinemann, F. H. (1943–1944). The meaning of negation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 44, 127–152.Google Scholar
  8. Jha, D. (1971). Mīmāṃsāślokavārttika of Kumārilabhaṭṭa. Darbhanga: Kameswar Simha Darbhanga Sanskrit University.Google Scholar
  9. Jha, G. (1978). The Prabhākara School of Pūrva Mīmāṃsā. Motilal Banarasidas: Delhi.Google Scholar
  10. Kar, G. (2003). Śabdārtha-sambandha-samīkṣā. Kolkata: Sanskrit Book Depot.Google Scholar
  11. Matilal, B. K. (1968). The Navya-Nyāya Doctrine of Negation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. McGrath, S. (2005). Causation by omission: A dilemma. Philosophical Studies, 123, 125–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mohanty, J. N. (1966). Gangeśa’s theory of truth. Santiniketan: Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy.Google Scholar
  14. Perszyk, K. J. (1984). Negative entities and negative facts in Navya-Nyāya. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 12(3), 265–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rosenberg, J. F. (1972). Russell on negative facts. Noûs, 6(1), 27–40.Google Scholar
  16. Russell, B. (2010). The philosophy of logical atomism. London: Routledge Classics.Google Scholar
  17. Sartre, J. P. (1956). Being and nothingness: An essay on phenomenological ontology (H. E. Barnes, Trans.). Philosophical Library: New York.Google Scholar
  18. Sastri, A. C. (1929). Bṛhatī of Prabhakara Misra with the Ṛjuvimala of Mahamahopadhyaya Salikanatha Misra. Benares: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series.Google Scholar
  19. Śāstrī, P. B. (1968). Bhāṣāpariccheda of Viśvanātha with Muktāvalī commentary of Viśvanātha and Muktāvalī-saṃgraha subcommentary of Pañcānana Bhaṭṭācārya Śāstrī. Kontai: Satinath Bhattacharya.Google Scholar
  20. Sharma, D. (1966). Epistemological negative dialectics of Indian logic: Abhāva versus Anupalabdhi. Indo-Iranian Journal, 9(4), 291–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Shastry, C. S. R. (1923). Karikavali with Muktavali, Prabha, Manjusha, Dinakariya, Ramarudriya & Gangaram Jatiya. Mylapore: Sri Balamanorama Press.Google Scholar
  22. Tarkavagish, K. (1990). Tattvacintāmaṇi of Gansesa Upadhyāya (Vol. I). Chaukhamba: Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan.Google Scholar
  23. Wallace, W. (2009). Hegel’s logic (Part one of the Encyclopaedia of The Philosophical Sciences (1830)) (G. W. F. Hegel, Trans.). Pacifica, CA: Marxists Internet Archive.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyPresidency UniversityKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations