This essay was originally published as “Dharma im Hinduismus” in Zeitschrift für Missionswissenschaft und Religionswissenschaft 49 (1965): 93–106, and reprinted in Kleine Schriften: Paul Hacker. Ed. Lambert Schmithausen. Wiesbaden: Steiner Verlag (1978): 496–509. The original page numbers are indicated in the translation at the appropriate points.
I presented the content of this article in a somewhat shorter form as an inaugural lecture on the occasion of my assuming the Chair of Indology at the University of Münster.