The influence and development of psychological capital in the job search context

Abstract

Past research shows Psychological Capital (PsyCap) to be associated with behaviors and performance at work, but few studies link PsyCap to the job seeking process. This project highlights how PsyCap might support persistence and success among job seekers. In study 1, using a two-wave design (N = 447), findings indicate that PsyCap might help individuals persist in job seeking, resulting in more interviews, offers, and employment. In study 2, using a quasi-experimental design (N = 361), findings indicate that PsyCap can be developed among job seekers through the PsyCap intervention model. Practical implications for counsellors and job seekers are discussed.

Résumé

L’influence et le développement du capital psychologique dans le contexte de la recherche d’emploi Des recherches ont montré que le capital psychologique (PsyCap) est associé aux comportements et aux performances au travail, mais peu d’études ont établi un lien entre PsyCap et le processus de recherche d’emploi. Notre projet montre comment PsyCap pourrait favoriser la persistance et le succès des demandeurs·euses d’emploi. Dans une première étude à deux points de mesure (N = 447), les résultats indiquent que PsyCap peut aider les personnes à persévérer dans leur recherche d’un emploi et obtiennent ainsi davantage d’entretiens, d’offres et d’emplois. Dans une seconde étude quasi-expérimentale (N = 361), les résultats indiquent que PsyCap peut être développé chez les demandeurs d’emploi grâce au modèle d’intervention PsyCap. Les implications pratiques pour les conseillers·ères et les demandeurs·euses d’emploi sont discutées.

Zusammenfassung

Der Entwicklungseinfluss von Psychologischem Kapital im Kontext der Arbeitsuche Untersuchungen zeigen, dass Psychologisches Kapital (PsyCap) mit Verhalten und Leistung am Arbeitsplatz in Verbindung gebracht werden kann. Jedoch verbinden nur wenige Studien PsyCap mit dem Prozess der Arbeitssuche. Dieses Projekt zeigt, wie PsyCap die Persistenz und den Erfolg bei Arbeitsuchenden fördern kann. Studie 1, mit zwei Erhebungswellen (N = 447), zeigt, dass PsyCap die Ausdauer der Arbeitsuche bei Einzelpersonen verbessern kann, welches sich positiv auf Interviews, Angebote und Beschäftigung auswirkt. In Studie 2, mit einem quasi-experimentellen Design (N = 361), deuten die Ergebnisse darauf hin, dass Arbeitsuchende durch Interventionen des PsyCap Modells Psychologisches Kapital entwickeln können. Es werden praktische Auswirkungen auf Berater und Arbeitsuchende diskutiert.

Resumen

La influencia y desarrollo del capital psicológico en el contexto de búsqueda de trabajo Investigaciones anteriores han mostrado que el capital psicológico (PsyCap) está asociado con los comportamientos y actuaciones en el trabajo pero pocos estudios vinculan el PsyCap con el proceso de búsqueda de empleo. Este proyecto destaca como el PsyCap podria dar apoyo a la persistencia y el éxito entre personas en búsqueda de empleoa. En el estudio 1 y utilizando un diseño de dos etapas (N = 477), los resultados indican que el PsyCap podria ayudar a los individuos a persisitir en la búsqueda de empleo, resultando en más entrevistas, ofertas y empleo. En el estudio 2 y utlizando un diseño cuasi experimental (N = 361), los resultados indican que el PsyCap puede ser desarrollado entre personas en búsqueda de empleo a traves de un modelo de intervención en el PsyCap. El artículo incluye la discusión acerca de las implicaciones prácticas para orientadores y personas en búsqueda de empleo.

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Acknowledgements

Funding was provided by Athens University of Economics and Business (Οriginal Scientific Publications).

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Correspondence to Ioannis Nikolaou.

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Georgiou, K., Nikolaou, I. The influence and development of psychological capital in the job search context. Int J Educ Vocat Guidance 19, 391–409 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-018-9385-2

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Keywords

  • Job search behavior
  • Job search outcomes
  • Psychological capital