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Career guidance and public mental health

  • Peter J. RobertsonEmail author
Article

Abstract

Career guidance may have the potential to promote public health by contributing positively to both the prevention of mental health conditions and to population level well-being. The policy implications of this possibility have received little attention. Career guidance agencies are well placed to reach key target groups. Producing persuasive evidence to support claims of health outcomes from guidance is problematic. Although rare, there are some studies of health impacts from employment related interventions, suggesting it is not impossible to generate such evidence. There is a need to develop an evidence base addressing well-being outcomes which may require adopting health-style research methods. There is also a need to open a dialogue with policy makers concerning the potential for career guidance to contribute to public mental health.

Keywords

Career guidance Policy Public health 

Résumé

Conseil en orientation et santé mentale publique. Le conseil en orientation pourrait avoir le potentiel de promouvoir la santé publique en contribuant positivement à la fois à la prévention des problèmes de santé mentale et au niveau du bien-être de la population. Les implications politiques de cette possibilité ont reçu peu d’attention. Les organismes d’orientation professionnelle sont bien placés pour atteindre des groupes cibles. Produire des preuves convaincantes pour appuyer les réclamations de résultats sur l’impact de l’orientation en termes de santé mentale est problématique. Bien qu’en nombre limité, il existe quelques études d’impacts des interventions liées à l’emploi sur la santé, ce qui suggère qu’il n’est pas impossible de générer de telles preuves. Il est nécessaire de développer une base de données probantes qui aborde le problème du bien-être, ce qui peut nécessiter l’adoption de méthodes de recherche spécifiques à la santé. Il est également nécessaire d’ouvrir un dialogue avec les décideurs politiques concernant le potentiel du conseil en orientation à contribuer à la santé mentale publique.

Zusammenfassung

Berufsberatung und Psychische Gesundheit. Berufsberatung kann das Potenzial haben, durch einen positiven Beitrag sowohl zur Prävention von psychischen Störungen sowie des Wohlbefindens der Bevölkerung die öffentliche Gesundheit zu fördern. Den politischen Implikationen dieser Möglichkeit wurden nur wenig Aufmerksamkeit geschenkt. Berufsberatungsstellen sind gut aufgestellt, um wichtige Zielgruppen zu erreichen. Überzeugende Beweise für die gesundheitlichen Folgen von Beratung sind schwierig zu erbringen. Obwohl beschränkt, gibt es einige Studien über gesundheitliche Auswirkungen von beruflichen Interventionen, was darauf hindeutet, dass es nicht unmöglich ist, diesen Beweis zu erbringen. Es besteht ein Bedarf zur Entwicklung einer Evidenzgrundlage, die Wirksamkeit auf Wohlbefinden adressiert. Dies könnte die Übernahme von Forschungsmethoden im Gesundheits-Stil erfordern. Es gibt auch eine Notwendigkeit, einen Dialog mit der Politik zu öffnen, in dem das Potential der Bildungs-und Berufsberatung zur psychischen Gesundheit der Bevölkerung beizutragen dargestellt wird.

Résumen

Orientación Profesional y Salud Mental Pública. La orientación profesional puede tener el potencial de promover la salud pública, contribuyendo positivamente tanto a la prevención de problemas de salud mental como al nivel de bienestar de la populación. Las implicaciones políticas de esta posibilidad han recibido poca atención. Organismos de orientación profesional están bien situados para llegar a los grupos destinatarios clave. Producir evidencia convincente para apoyar las demandas de los resultados de salud en orientación es problemático. Aunque limitados, hay algunos estudios de impactos de la salud de las intervenciones relacionadas con el empleo, lo que sugiere que no es imposible generar tales pruebas. Hay una necesidad de desarrollar una base de pruebas para abordar resultados del bienestar, que puede requerir la adopción de métodos de investigación de salud. También hay una necesidad de abrir un diálogo con los responsables políticos sobre las posibilidades de orientación profesional para contribuir a la salud mental pública.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life, Sport and Social SciencesEdinburgh Napier UniversityEdinburghUK

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