Advertisement

Dialogical self: author and narrator of career life themes

  • Peter McIlveen
  • Wendy Patton
Original Paper

Abstract

This conceptual paper introduces the Theory of Dialogical Self to the career development literature. The life themes component of the Theory of Career Construction is the focus of application for dialogical self. It is proposed that the notion of dialogical self may contribute to understanding how individuals construct the career-related life themes. Dialogical self is thus presented as a promising theoretical construct to augment the explanatory capacity of the Theory of Career Construction and the constructivist, narrative approach to career theory in general. Implications for career counselling are presented.

Keywords

Dialogical self Career construction Life themes 

Résumé. Le soi dialogique: auteur et narrateur des thèmes de vie lies à la carrière.

Cet article théorique insère la Théorie du Soi Dialogique dans la littérature du développement de carrière. C'est par rapport à la composante thèmes de vie de la Théorie de la Construction de Carrière que s'applique la pertinence du soi dialogique. On propose que la notion de soi dialogique peut contribuer à la compréhension de la manière dont les individus construisent les thèmes de vie en relation avec leur carrière. Le soi dialogique est ainsi présenté comme un construit théorique prometteur dans l'accroissement du potentiel explicatif de la Théorie de Construction de Carrière et l'approche constructiviste narrative de la théorie de la carrière en général. On présente les implications de cette réflexion pour le conseil de carrière.

Zusammenfassung. Das Dialogische Selbst: Autor und Erzähler von Themen des Berufslebens.

Dieser konzeptionelle Artikel führt die Theorie des Dialogischen Selbst in die Literatur der Berufsberatung ein. Im Mittelpunkt der Anwendung des Dialogischen Selbst steht der Aspekt der Lebensthemen aus dem Bereich der Theorie der Laufbahnkonstruktion. Es wird vorgeschlagen, dass die Kenntnis des Dialogischen Selbst einen Beitrag zum besseren Verständnis der Art und Weise liefern kann, wie Menschen ihre auf die berufliche Laufbahn bezogenen Lebensthemen konstruieren. In diesem Sinne wird das Dialogische Selbst als ein viel versprechendes theoretisches Konstrukt vorgestellt, das die Erklärungsleistung der Theorie der Laufbahnkonstruktion unterstreichen kann, und ebenso den Wert des Beitrags des narrativen Ansatzes zur Theorie der Berufsentscheidung im Allgemeinen. Es werden weiterhin Schlussfolgerungen für die berufliche Beratung vorgestellt.

Resumen. Teoría del Ser Dialógico: Autoría y Narración de Temas Vitales de la Carrera.

Este artículo de carácter conceptual introduce la Teoría del “Ser Dialógico” (Dialogical Self) en la literatura científica sobre el desarrollo de la carrera. El componente de los temas vitales en la Teoría de la Construcción de la Carrera es el foco de aplicación del “ser dialógico”. Se considera que el concepto de ser dialógico puede contribuir a la comprensión de cómo los individuos construyen sus temas vitales relacionados con la carrera. Se presenta así este concepto como un constructo teórico muy prometedor para aumentar la capacidad explicativa de la Teoría de la Construcción de la Carrera y del enfoque constructivista y narrativo del desarrollo de la carrera en general. Se presentan al final sus implicaciones para la orientación de la carrera.

References

  1. Bakhtin, M. (1973). Problems of Dostoevsky's poetics (R. W. Rotsel, Trans.). Ann Arbor, MI: Ardis (Original work published 1929).Google Scholar
  2. Barresi, J. (2002). From ‘the thought is the thinker’ to ‘the voice is the speaker’. William James and the dialogical self. Theory & Psychology, 12(2), 237–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32, 513–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brott, P. (2001). The storied approach: A postmodern perspective for career counseling. The Career Development Quarterly, 49, 304–313.Google Scholar
  5. Bruner, J. (1990). Acts of meaning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Buber, M. (1958). I and THOU (R. G. Smith, Trans., 2nd ed.). Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark (Original work published 1923).Google Scholar
  7. Campbell, C., & Ungar, M. (2004). Constructing a life that works: Part 2, an approach to practice. The Career Development Quarterly, 53, 28–40.Google Scholar
  8. Chen, C. P. (2004). Positive compromise: A new perspective for career psychology. Australian Journal of Career Development, 13(2), 17–28.Google Scholar
  9. Cochran, L. (1997). Career counseling: A narrative approach. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  10. Gergen, K. J. (2001). Psychological science in a postmodern context. American Psychologist, 56(10), 803–813.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hermans, H. J. M. (1996). Voicing the self: From information processing to dialogical interchange. Psychological Bulletin, 119(1), 31–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hermans, H. J. M. (2001a). Conceptions of self and identity: Toward a dialogical view. International Journal of Education and Religion, 11(1), 43–62.Google Scholar
  13. Hermans, H. J. M. (2001b). The construction of a personal position repertoire: Method and practice. Culture & Psychology, 7(3), 323–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hermans, H. J. M. (2002a). The dialogical self as a society of mind: Introduction. Theory & Psychology, 12(2), 147–160.Google Scholar
  15. Hermans, H. J. M. (2002b). The dialogical self: One person, different stories. In Y. Kashima, M. Foddy, & M. Platow (Eds.), Self and identity: Personal, social, and symbolic (pp. 71–99). Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  16. Hermans, H. J. M. (2003). The construction and reconstruction of a dialogical self. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 16, 89–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hermans, H. J. M. (2006). Moving through three paradigms, yet remaining the same thinker. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 19(1), 5–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Hermans H. J. M., & Dimaggio G. (Eds.) (2004). The dialogical self in psychotherapy. Hove: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Hermans, H. J. M., & Hermans-Jansen, E. (1995). Self-narratives. The construction of meaning in psychotherapy. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  20. Hermans, H. J. M., & Hermans-Jansen, E. (2004). The dialogical construction of coalitions in a personal position repertoire. In H. J. M. Hermans, & G. Dimaggio (Eds.), The dialogical self in psychotherapy (pp. 124–137). Hove: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar
  21. Hermans, H. J. M., & Kempen, H. J. G. (1993). The dialogical self: Meaning as movement. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  22. Hermans, H. J. M., Kempen, H. J. G., & van Loon, R. J P. (1992). The dialogical self: Beyond individualism and rationalism. American Psychologist, 47(1), 23–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hermans, H. J. M., Rijks, T. I., & Kempen, H. J. G. (1993). Imaginal dialogues in the self: Theory and method. Journal of Personality, 61(2), 207–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Holland, J. L. (1985). Making vocational choices: A theory of vocational personalities and work environments (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  25. Inkson, K. (2007). Understanding careers: The metaphors of working lives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  26. James, W. (1952). The principles of psychology. Chicago, IL: William Benton (Original work published 1890).Google Scholar
  27. Lysaker, P. H., & Lysaker, J. T. (2002). Narrative structure in psychosis: Schizophrenia and disruptions in the dialogical self. Theory & Psychology, 12(3), 207–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McAdams, D. P. (2006). The problem of narrative coherence. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 19(2), 109–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McIlveen, P. (2006). My Career Chapter: A Dialogical Autobiography. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  30. McIlveen, P., Ford, T., & Dun, K. (2005). A narrative sentence-completion process for systems career assessment. Australian Journal of Career Development, 14(3), 30–39.Google Scholar
  31. McIlveen, P., McGregor-Bayne, H., Alcock, A., & Hjertum, E. (2003). Evaluation of a semi-structured career assessment interview derived from systems theory framework. Australian Journal of Career Development, 12, 33–41.Google Scholar
  32. McIlveen, P., & Patton, W. (2006). A critical reflection on career development. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 6, 15–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. McMahon, M. (2006). Working with storytellers: A metaphor for career counselling. In M. McMahon, & W. Patton (Eds.), Career counselling: Constructivist approaches (pp. 16–29). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  34. McMahon, M., Patton, W., & Watson, M. (2005). My system of career influences. Camberwell: Australian Council for Educational Research.Google Scholar
  35. Pasupathi, M. (2001). The social construction of the personal past and its implications for adult development. Psychological Bulletin, 127(5), 651–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Patton, W., & McMahon, M. (2006). Career development and systems theory: Connecting theory and practice. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.Google Scholar
  37. Savickas, M. (2001). Toward a comprehensive theory of career development: Dispositions, concerns, and narratives. In F. T. L. Leong, & A. Barak (Eds.), Contemporary models in vocational psychology: A volume in honor of Samuel H. Osipow (pp. 295–320). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  38. Savickas, M. (2002). Career construction: A developmental theory of vocational behavior. In D. A. Brown (Ed.), Career choice and development (4th ed., pp. 149–205). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  39. Savickas, M. (2005). The theory and practice of career construction. In S. D. Brown & R. W. Lent (Eds.), Career development and counseling: Putting theory and research to work (pp. 42–70). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
  40. Savickas M., & Lent R. W. (Eds.) (1994). Convergence in career development theories. Palo Alto: CPP Books.Google Scholar
  41. Schultheiss, D. E. P. (2005). Qualitative relational career assessment: A constructivist paradigm. Journal of Career Assessment, 13(4), 381-394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Van de Loo, R. (1992). Verheldering van loopbaanperspectief: Ontwikkeling en toepassing van een programme voor loopbaanorientatie op basis van de zelfkonfrontatiemethode [Clarification of career perspective: Development and application of a program for career orientation on the basis of the self-confrontation method] (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nijmegen) Van Gorcum, Assen: The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  43. Young, R. A., & Valach, L. (2004). The construction of career through goal-directed action. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64, 499–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Student ServicesUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia
  2. 2.Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia

Personalised recommendations