Advertisement

Career guidance and counselling efficacy studies: an international research agenda

  • Kerry B. BernesEmail author
  • Angela D. Bardick
  • David T. Orr
Original Paper

Abstract

More efficacy studies, experimental designs, and longitudinal research in career guidance and counselling in educational and organizational settings, and for diverse cultural and economic backgrounds are needed. Research on the effectiveness of career guidance and counselling that demonstrates gains on a variety of levels is necessary to enhance the future of the field. Recommendations for internationalizing career guidance and counselling research by using a scientist practitioner model, diverse research methodology, and instruments to measure career outcomes are made.

Keywords

Guidance efficacy Research needs Career guidance 

Résumé Etudes sur l’efficacité de l’orientation et du conseil de carrière: un ordre du jour pour la recherche internationale.

Le besoin se fait sentir de disposer de davantage d’études, de plans expérimentaux et de recherches longitudinales relatifs à l’efficacité de l’orientation et du conseil de carrière en contextes éducatif et organisationnel, ainsi que dans des milieux culturels et économiques divers. La recherche sur l’efficacité de l’orientation et du conseil de carrière qui fasse la preuve d’apports à différents niveaux est nécessaire pour garantir l’avenir du domaine. Nous présentons des recommandations pour une internationalisation de la recherche relative à l’orientation et au conseil de carrière en utilisant un modèle de pratique scientifique, une méthodologie de recherche diversifiée et des instruments destinés à mesurer les résultats sur la carrière.

Zusammenfassung Wirksamkeitsstudien zu Berufswahlunterricht und Beruflicher Beratung: Ein internationaler Forschungsplan.

Es besteht ein Bedarf für mehr Wirksamkeitsstudien, für experimentelle Konzeptionen, und für Längsschnittuntersuchungen zu Berufswahlunterricht und Beruflicher Beratung sowohl im Bildungsbereich als auch in Organisationen, und zwar unter unterschiedlichen kulturellen und wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen. Forschungen zur Wirksamkeit von Berufswahlunterricht und Beruflicher Beratung, die Vorteile und Entwicklungen unter unterschiedlichen Aspekten nachweisen, sind insbesondere nötig, um den zukünftigen Bestand des Arbeitsgebietes zu sichern. Dieser Artikel macht Vorschläge zu einer Internationalisierung der Forschungsarbeit auf diesem Gebiet, dabei werden ein Wissenschafts-Praxis-Modell, eine diversifizierte Forschungsmethodik sowie Instrumente zur Messung von Laufbahnentwicklungen eingesetzt.

Resumen Estudios sobre la eficacia de la orientación y el asesoramiento para la carrera: la investigación en el ámbito internacional.

Son necesarios más estudios, diseños experimentales e investigaciones longitudinales sobre la eficacia de la orientación y el asesoramiento para la carrera en el contexto educativo y organizativo, y para poblaciones diversas cultural y económicamente. Es necesaria la investigación que demuestre ganancias en diversos aspectos de la orientación, para mejorar el futuro de nuestro campo. Se sugieren algunas recomendaciones para que la investigación sobre la orientación y el asesoramiento se extienda al ámbito internacional mediante el uso de un modelo científico y profesional, diversas metodologías, e instrumentos para medir los resultados de la orientación.

References

  1. Bardick, A. D., Bernes, K. B., Magnusson, K. C., Gunn, T., & Witko, K. D. (in press). Junior high student perceptions of the helpfulness of career resources. Guidance and Counselling.Google Scholar
  2. Bardick, A. D., Bernes, K. B., Magnusson, K. C., & Witko, K. D. (2004). Junior high career planning: What students want. Canadian Journal of Counselling, 38(2), 104–117.Google Scholar
  3. Betz, N. E. (2004). Contributions of self-efficacy theory to career counseling: A personal perspective. The Career Development Quarterly, 52, 340–353.Google Scholar
  4. Brown, S. D., & Krane, R. N. E. (2000). Four (or five) sessions and a cloud of dust: Old assumptions and new observations about career counselling. In S. D. Brown & R. W. Lent (Eds.), Handbook of counselling psychology (3rd ed., pp. 704–766). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Crites, J. O. (1978a). Administration and use manual for the career maturity inventory (2nd ed.). Monterey, CA: McGraw-Hill/CTB.Google Scholar
  6. Crites, J. O. (1978b). Theory and research handbook for the career maturity inventory (2nd ed.). Monterey, CA: McGraw-Hill/CTB.Google Scholar
  7. Crites, J. O., & Savickas, M. L. (1995). Career maturity inventory. Monterey, CA: McGraw-Hill/CTB.Google Scholar
  8. Dagley, J. C., & Salter, S. K. (2004). Practice and research in career counselling and development—2003. The Career Development Quarterly, 53, 99–157.Google Scholar
  9. Foa, E. B., & Rauch, S. A. M. (2004). Cognitive changes during prolonged exposure versus prolonged exposure plus cognitive restructuring in female assault survivors with posttraumatic stress disorder. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 879–884.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Folsom, B., & Reardon, R. (2003). College career courses: Design and accountability. Journal of Career Assessment, 11, 421–450.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gelso, C. J. (1979). Research in counseling: Methodological and professional issues. The Counseling Psychologist, 8(3), 7–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Goodman, J., & Hansen, S. (2005). Career development and guidance programs across cultures: The gap between policies and practices. The Career Development Quarterly, 54, 57–65.Google Scholar
  13. Guindon, M. H., & Richmond, L. J. (2005). Practice and research in career counseling and development—2004. The Career Development Quarterly, 54, 90–137.Google Scholar
  14. Harris-Bowlsbey, J. (1996). Synthesis and antithesis: Perspectives from Herr, Bloch, and Watts. The Career Development Quarterly, 45, 54–57.Google Scholar
  15. Hartung, P. J. (2005). Internationalizing career counseling: Emptying our cups and learning from each other. The Career Development Quarterly, 54, 12–16.Google Scholar
  16. Helwig, A. A. (2004). A ten-year longitudinal study of the career development of students: Summary findings. Journal of Counseling & Development, 82, 49–57.Google Scholar
  17. Heppner, M. J., & Heppner, P. P. (2004). Identifying process variables in career counselling: A research agenda. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 62, 429–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Heppner, P. P., Kivlighan, D. M., & Wampold, B. E. (1999). Research design in counseling (2nd ed.). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Wadsworth.Google Scholar
  19. Herr, E. L. (1996). Toward the convergence of career theory and practicve: Mythologies, issues, and possibilities. In M. L. Savickas & W. B. Walsh (Eds.), Handbook of career counseling theory and practice (pp. 13–35). Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black Publishing.Google Scholar
  20. Herr, E. L. (2003). The future of career counselling as an instrument of public policy. The Career Development Quarterly, 52, 8–17.Google Scholar
  21. Holland, J. L., Daiger, D. C., & Power, P. G. (1980). My vocational situation. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  22. Kush, K., & Cochran, L. (1993). Enhancing a sense of agency through career planning. Journal of Counselling Psychology, 40(4), 434–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lambert, M. J., Masters, K. S., & Ogles, B. M. (1991). Outcome research in counseling. In C. E. Watkins & L. J. Schneider (Eds.), Research in counseling (pp. 51–83). Hillsdale, NJ: Earlbaum.Google Scholar
  24. Magnusson, K. C., & Bernes, K. B. (2002). Comprehensive career needs survey: An overview. Alberta Counsellor, 27, 12–15.Google Scholar
  25. McCarthy, J. (2004). The skills, training and qualifications of guidance workers. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 4, 159–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Oliver, L. W., & Spokane, A. R. (1988). Career-intervention outcome: What contributes to client gain? Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33, 447–462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Osipow, S. H., Carney, C. G., Winer, J., Yanico, B., & Koschier, M. (1976). The career decision scale. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  28. Plant, P. (2004). Quality in career guidance: Issues and methods. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 4, 141–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Plant, P., Christiansen, L. L., Lovén, A., Vilhjálmsdóttir, G., & Vuorinen, R. (2003). Research in educational and vocational guidance in the Nordic countries: Current trends. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 3, 101–122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Prideaux, L., Patton, W., & Creed, P. (2002). Development of a theoretically derived school career program: An Australian endeavour. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 2(2), 115–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Savickas, M. L. (2003). Advancing the career counseling profession: Objectives and strategies for the next decade. The Career Development Quarterly, 52, 87–96.Google Scholar
  32. Sexton, T. L. (1996). The relevance of counseling outcome research: Current trends and practical implications. Journal of Counseling & Development, 74, 590–600.Google Scholar
  33. Speer, D. C. (1994). Can treatment research inform decision makers? Method issues and examples among older outpatients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 560–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Super, D. E., Thompson, A. S., & Lindeman, R. H. (1988). Adult career concerns inventory: Manual for research and exploratory use in counseling. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar
  35. Tractenberg, L., Streumer, J., & Van Zolingen, S. (2002). Career counselling in the emerging post-industrial society. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 2, 85–99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Van Esbroek, R. (2002). An introduction to the Paris 2001 IAEVG declaration on educational and vocational guidance. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 2, 73–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Wadsworth, J., Milsom, A., & Cocco, K. (2004). Career development for adolescents and young adults with mental retardation. Professional School Counseling, 8, 141–147.Google Scholar
  38. Wessel, R. D., Christian, N. T., & Hoff, A. K. (2003). Enhancing career development through the career success club. Journal of Career Development, 29, 265–276.Google Scholar
  39. Whiston, S. C. (1996). Accountability through action research: Research methods for practitioners. Journal of Counseling & Development, 74, 616–623.Google Scholar
  40. Whiston, S. C. (2003). Career counselling: 90 years old yet still healthy and vital. The Career Development Quarterly, 52, 35–42.Google Scholar
  41. Whiston, S. C., Brecheisen, B. K., & Stephens, J. (2003). Does treatment modality affect career counselling effectiveness? Journal of Vocational Behavior, 62, 390–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Whiston, S.C., & Sexton, T. L. (1998). Career-intervention outcome: A replication and extension of Oliver and Spokane (1988). Journal of Counseling Psychology, 45(2), 150–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Witko, K. D., Bernes, K. B., Magnusson, K. C., & Bardick, A. D. (2005). Senior high career planning: What students want. Journal of Educational Inquiry, 6(1), 34–49.Google Scholar
  44. Witko, K. D., Bernes, K. B., Magnusson, K. C., & Bardick, A. D. (2006). Senior high students’ career plans for the future: Outcomes of the comprehensive career needs survey in Southern Alberta, Canada. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 6(2), 77–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kerry B. Bernes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Angela D. Bardick
    • 1
  • David T. Orr
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of LethbridgeLethbridgeCanada

Personalised recommendations