A Groupoidification of the Fermion Algebra
In this paper, we consider the groupoidification of the fermion algebra. We construct a groupoid as the categorical analogues of the fermionic Fock space, and the creation and annihilation operators correspond to spans of groupoids. The categorical fermionic Fock states have some extra structures comparing with the normal forms. We also construct a 2-category of spans of groupoids corresponding to the fermion algebra. The relations of the morphisms in this 2-category are consistent with those in the graphical category which is represented by string diagrams. One may use these formalisms to describe the fermion systems more finely, and study some additional properties of the fermion systems.
KeywordsGroupoidification Fermion algebra Categorification 2-category
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11405060, 11571119).