On the Zero-Energy Universe

Abstract

We consider the energy of the Universe, from the pseudo-tensor point of view (Berman, M.Sc. thesis, 1981). We find zero values, when the calculations are well-done. The doubts concerning this subject are clarified, with the novel idea that the justification for the calculation lies in the association of the equivalence principle, with the nature of co-motional observers, as demanded in Cosmology. In Sect. 4, we give a novel calculation for the zero-total energy result.

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Correspondence to Marcelo Samuel Berman.

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Berman, M.S. On the Zero-Energy Universe. Int J Theor Phys 48, 3278–3286 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10773-009-0125-8

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Keywords

  • Pseudotensors
  • General relativity
  • Energy
  • Pseudoquadrimomentum
  • Cosmology