International Journal of Speech Technology

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 85–91 | Cite as

Vocal parameters analysis of smoker using Amazigh language

  • Ouissam Zealouk
  • Hassan SatoriEmail author
  • Mohamed Hamidi
  • Naouar Laaidi
  • Khalid Satori


In this paper we examined the human voice of 20 adults (20 smokers and 20 non-smokers) to determine the effects of cigarette smoking on formants frequency, pitch, shimmer and jitter based on 3 Amazigh language vowels (A, I, U). The statistical data parameters are collected from male Moroccan speakers aged between 26 and 50 years old. Our results show that, the pitch values of smokers are lower compared to those of non-smokers. Also, smokers’ formants frequency F1 and F2 are close to non-smokers ones for the three considered vowels .Whereas, F3 and F4 are lower in the case of smokers. Shimmer and Jitter analysis showed higher values for these parameters among smoker.


Pitch Formants frequency Shimmer Jitter Amazigh language Smoking’s 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ouissam Zealouk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hassan Satori
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mohamed Hamidi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Naouar Laaidi
    • 2
  • Khalid Satori
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory Computer Science, Image Processing and Numerical Analysis, Faculty of Sciences Dhar MahrazSidi Mohammed Ben Abbdallah UniversityFezMorocco
  2. 2.Artificial Intelligence Complex Systems and Modeling, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty Polydisciplinary of NadorMohammed Premier UniversityOujdaMorocco

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