Advertisement

The Politics of Making Demands: Discourses of Urban Exclusion and Medialized Politics in Sweden

  • Magnus DahlstedtEmail author
Article

Abstract

In recent years, issues concerning the future of multiethnic Sweden and particularly the situation in multiethnic suburbs have become a salient feature in Swedish politics. One important actor in recent years’ debates about the challenges facing multiethnic Sweden is the Swedish Liberal Party. Since the general election of 2002, the party has gained both publicity and electoral support by focusing on issues of integration of migrants and urban segregation in terms of assimilation and intensified demands targeted at the migrant others. In this article, the party’s developments in the early 2000s in the areas of integration and urban policy are analyzed within the framework of two general processes in contemporary politics: the politics of racialization and the medialization of politics. The party’s interventions in the area of integration and urban policy are built on an intimate as well as complex interplay between racialization and medialization. The agenda articulated by the party, further, has several similarities with the agenda of “authoritarian populist” movements throughout Europe.

Keywords

Racialization Medialization Multiculturalism Politics of representation Neoliberalism 

References

  1. Asp, K. (2003). Medieval 2002. Department of Journalism, Media and Communication, Göteborg University.Google Scholar
  2. Azar, M. (2006). Den koloniala bumerangen. Eslöv: Symposion.Google Scholar
  3. Bacchi, C. L. (1999). Women, policy and politics. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  4. Balibar, É. (1991). Is there a ‘neo-racism’?. In E. Balibar & I. Wallerstein, Race, nation, class. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  5. Behtoui, A. (2004). Unequal opportunities. Department of Welfare Studies, Linköping University.Google Scholar
  6. Boréus, K. (2005). Diskriminering med ord. Umeå: Boréa.Google Scholar
  7. Boréus, K. (2006). Diskrimineringens retorik. SOU 2006: 52. Utredningen om makt, integration och strukturell diskriminering.Google Scholar
  8. Boréus, K. (2010). Including or excluding immigrants? In B. Bengtsson et al. (Eds.), Diversity, inclusion and citizenship in Scandinavia. Cambridge Scholars: Newcastle.Google Scholar
  9. Brune, Y. (2004). Nyheter från gränsen. Department of Journalism: Media and Communication, Göteborg University.Google Scholar
  10. Camauër, L. & S. A. Nohrstedt (Eds.) (2006). Mediernas vi och dom. SOU 2006: 21. Utredningen om makt, integration och strukturell diskriminering.Google Scholar
  11. Carbin, M. (2010). Mellan tystnad och tal. Department of Political Science, Stockholm University.Google Scholar
  12. Carson, M. (2007). Mainstreaming xenofobi?. In T. R. Burns et al. (Eds.) Makt, kultur och kontroll över invandrares livsvillkor. Department of Sociology, Stockholm University.Google Scholar
  13. Dahlstedt, M. (2002). Den som sa’t, den va’t…, Socialistisk Debatt, 36, 45–51.Google Scholar
  14. Dahlstedt, M. (2005). Reserverad demokrati. Umeå: Boréa.Google Scholar
  15. Dahlstedt, Magnus (2013). The Politics of Labour Market Activation, Revija za Sociolgiju, 43, 5–29.Google Scholar
  16. Dahlstedt, M. & F. Hertzberg (Eds.) (2005). Demokrati på svenska?. SOU 2005: 112, Utredningen om makt, integration och strukturell diskriminering.Google Scholar
  17. Dahlstedt, M., F. Eriksson & M. Hultman (2005). Det liberala samtycket och dess Fiender. In M. Dahlstedt & I. Lindberg (Eds.) Bortom rasismer i Europa. Stockholm: Agora.Google Scholar
  18. Dahström, C., & Esaiasson, P. (2013). The immigration issue and anti-immigrant party success in Sweden 1970-2006. Party Politics, 19, 343–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Davidson, T. (2010). Utanförskapelsen. Socialvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 17, 149–169.Google Scholar
  20. Edgerton, D., Fryklund, B., & Peterson, T. (1994). Until the lamb of god appears’. Lund: Lund University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Ericsson, U. (2006). Den belägrade Andra och undantagstillståndets förtryck. In P. de los Reyes (Ed.) Om välfärdens gränser och det villkorade medborgarskapet. SOU 2006: 37. Utredningen om makt, integration och strukturell diskriminering.Google Scholar
  22. Ericsson, U., Molina, I., & Ristilammi, P.-M. (2002). Miljonprogram och media. Norrköping/Stockholm: Integrationsverket/Riksantikvarieämbetet.Google Scholar
  23. Estrada, F. (1999). Ungdomsbrottslighet som samhällsproblem. Department of Criminology, Stockholm University.Google Scholar
  24. Frank, T. (2001). One market under god. London: Secker & Warburg.Google Scholar
  25. Giertz, A. (2004). Making the poor work. Lund University.Google Scholar
  26. Hall, S. (1988). The hard road to renewal. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  27. Hall, S. (1994). Some ‘politically incorrect’ pathways through PC. In S. Dunant (Ed.), The war of the words. London: Virago.Google Scholar
  28. Hall, S. (1997). The spectacle of ‘the other’. In S. Hall (Ed.), Representation. Milton Keynes: Sage.Google Scholar
  29. Hellström, A., Nilsson, T., & Stoltz, P. (2012). Nationalism vs. nationalism. Government and Opposition, 47, 186–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hertzberg, F., et al. (2002). Det olyfta lockets paradox. In P. Reyes (Ed.), Maktens (o)lika förklädnader. Stockholm: Atlas.Google Scholar
  31. Hindess, B. (2000). The liberal government of unfreedom. Alternatives, 26, 93–111.Google Scholar
  32. Hindess, B. (2005). Citizenship and empire. In T. Blom Hansen & F. Stepputat (Eds.), Sovereign bodies. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Hörnqvist, M. (2007). The organised nature of power. Department of Criminology, Stockholm University.Google Scholar
  34. Hübinette, T., & Lundström, C. (2011). Sweden after the recent election. NORA – Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, 19, 42–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Keith, M. (2005). Racialization and the public spaces of the multicultural city’. In K. Murij & J. Solomos (Eds.), Racialization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Koopmans, R., & Muis, J. (2009). The rise of right-wing populist Pim Fortuyn in the Netherlands. European Journal of Political Research, 48, 642–664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Korpi, W., & Palme, J. (2003). New politics and class politics in the context of austerity and globalization. The American Political Science Review, 97, 425–446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Levitas, R. (1998). The inclusive society? Basingstoke: Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Mattsson, K. (2001). (O)likhetens geografier. Department of Cultural Geography, Uppsala University.Google Scholar
  40. Mattsson, K. (2005). Den färgblinda marknaden’ och välfärdens rasifiering’. In K. Mattsson & I. Lindberg (Eds.), Rasismer i Europa. Agora: Stockholm.Google Scholar
  41. Miles, R. (1990). The racialization of British politics. Political Studies, 38, 277–285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Molina, I. (1997). Stadens rasifiering. Department of Cultural Geography, Uppsala University.Google Scholar
  43. Mouffe, C. (2000). The democratic paradox. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  44. Mulinari, D., & Neergaard, A. (2004). Den nya svenska arbetarklassen. Umeå: Boréa.Google Scholar
  45. Neergaard, A. (2004). Välfärd för vilka? Mana, 4, 10–12.Google Scholar
  46. Neocleous, M., & Startin, N. (2003). ‘Protest’ and fail to survive. Politics, 23, 145–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Nord, L., & Strömbäck, J. (2003). Valfeber och nyhetsfrossa. Stockholm: Institutet för Mediestudier.Google Scholar
  48. Petersson, O., & Carlberg, I. (1990). Makten över tanken. Stockholm: Carlssons.Google Scholar
  49. Ristilammi, P.-M. (1994). Rosengård och den svarta poesin. Stockholm: Symposion.Google Scholar
  50. Rydgren, J., & Widfeldt, A. (Eds.). (2005). Från Le Pen till Pim Fortuyn. Malmö: Liber.Google Scholar
  51. Schierup, C.-U., & Ålund, A. (2011). The end of Swedish exceptionalism? Race and Class, 53, 45–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Schierup, C.-U., Hansen, P., & Castles, S. (2006). Migration, citizenship and the European welfare state. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Singh, N. P. (2005). Black is a country. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  54. Solomos, J., & Back, L. (1995). Race, politics and social change. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  55. Street, J. (2001). Mass media, politics and democracy. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  56. Strömbäck, J. (2004). Den medialiserade demokratin. Stockholm: SNS.Google Scholar
  57. Svanberg, I., & Tydén, M. (1992). Tusen år av invandring. Stockholm: Gidlunds.Google Scholar
  58. Tesfahuney, M. & M. Dahlstedt (Eds.) (2008). Den bästa av världar?. Stockholm: Tankekraft.Google Scholar
  59. van Dijk, T. A. (1993). Elite discourse and racism. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Wetherell, M., & Potter, J. (1992). Mapping the language of racism. Hertfordshire: Harvester Whethersheaf.Google Scholar

Empirical material

  1. Aftonbladet, 13 September 2002; 5 December 2004.Google Scholar
  2. Dagens Nyheter, 2002: 15 August; 2005: 14 April, 18 December.Google Scholar
  3. Asp, K. (2002). ‘Väljarna ratar mediernas favoritfråga’. Dagens Nyheter, 15 September.Google Scholar
  4. Leijonborg, L. (2005). ‘Färre poliser i sju av tio svenska problemområden’. Dagens Nyheter, 21 November.Google Scholar
  5. Leijonborg, L. & M. Rojas (2004). ‘Explosiv ökning av antalet utsatta bostadsområden’. Dagens Nyheter, 5 December.Google Scholar
  6. Leijonborg, L. & M. Rojas (2005) ‘Kräv samhällsnyttigt arbete av alla som får socialbidrag’. Dagens Nyheter, 9 February.Google Scholar
  7. Leijonborg, L., M. Rojas & A. Hanad (2002). Nu börjar slaget om förorterna. Aftonbladet, 20 December.Google Scholar
  8. Leijonborg, L., M. Rojas, & M. Siljebrand (2005). Så räddar vi Ronna!. Aftonbladet, 14 October.Google Scholar
  9. Liberal Party [LP] (2002). En ny integrationspolitik. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  10. Liberal Party [LP] (2004). Utanförskapets karta. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  11. Liberal Party [LP] (2005a). Bryt utanförskapet, bekämpa bidragsberoendet!. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  12. Liberal Party [LP] (2005b). Bryt utanförskapet!. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  13. Liberal Party [LP] (2005c). Från skotten i Södertälje till kampen mot utanförskapet. Stockholm.Google Scholar
  14. Ljunggren, S-B. (2003). I slutet av början. Norrköping: Integrationsverket.Google Scholar
  15. Lundgren, B. (2002). ‘Låt socialbidraget vara ett lån’. Dagens Nyheter, 22 August.Google Scholar
  16. Member’s Bill 1997/98:A64. Med anledning av Prop. 1997/98:165 Utveckling och rättvisa [Jonsson et al.].Google Scholar
  17. Member’s Bill 1998/99:Sf634. En liberal integrationspolitik [Leijonborg et al.].Google Scholar
  18. Member’s Bill 2002/03:Sf226. En ny integrationspolitik [Leijonborg et al.].Google Scholar
  19. Member’s Bill 2004/05:Sf288. Egenmakt och arbete—den liberala vägen till integration [Leijonborg et al.].Google Scholar
  20. Ohlsson, B. (2005). En sorglig utveckling inom fp. Aftonbladet, 6 March.Google Scholar
  21. Rojas, M. (2005a). ‘Invandrarnas tystnad om brott ett svek mot demokratin’. Dagens Nyheter, 19 September.Google Scholar
  22. Rojas, M. (2005b). ‘Kulturarv ligger bakom invandrarnas brottslighet’. Dagens Nyheter, 12 December.Google Scholar
  23. Rojas, M., N. Sabuni, G. Avci & A. Dervish (2005). ‘Slopa turordningsregler när anställda sägs upp’. Dagens Nyheter, 26 February.Google Scholar
  24. Roth, H-I. (2002). Medborgarskap mer komplext än språktest. Dagens Nyheter, 17 September.Google Scholar
  25. SOU 2005: 56. Det blågula glashuset. Utredningen om strukturell diskriminering på grund av etnisk och religiös tillhörighet.Google Scholar
  26. SOU 2006: 79. Integrationens svarta bok. Utredningen om makt, integration och strukturell diskriminering.Google Scholar
  27. The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention, SNCCP. (2005). Brottslighet bland personer födda i Sverige och i utlandet. Stockholm: SNCCP.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.REMESO, Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society, Department of Social and Welfare StudiesLinköping UniversityNorrköpingSweden

Personalised recommendations