International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 36, Issue 8, pp 1784–1802 | Cite as

Traceability of a CCD-Camera System for High-Temperature Measurements

  • L. BüngerEmail author
  • K. Anhalt
  • R. D. Taubert
  • U. Krüger
  • F. Schmidt


A CCD camera, which has been specially equipped with narrow-band interference filters in the visible spectral range for temperature measurements above 1200 K, was characterized with respect to its temperature response traceable to ITS-90 and with respect to absolute spectral radiance responsivity. The calibration traceable to ITS-90 was performed at a high-temperature blackbody source using a radiation thermometer as a transfer standard. Use of Planck’s law and the absolute spectral radiance responsivity of the camera system allows the determination of the thermodynamic temperature. For the determination of the absolute spectral radiance responsivity, a monochromator-based setup with a supercontinuum white-light laser source was developed. The CCD-camera system was characterized with respect to the dark-signal-non-uniformity, the photo-response-non-uniformity, the non-linearity, and the size-of-source effect. The influence of these parameters on the calibration and measurement was evaluated and is considered for the uncertainty budget. The results of the two different calibration schemes for the investigated temperature range from 1200 K to 1800 K are in good agreement considering the expanded uncertainty \((k= 2)\). The uncertainty for the absolute spectral responsivity of the camera is 0.56 % \((k= 2)\).


Absolute spectral radiance responsivity Charge-coupled device (CCD) Dark-signal-non-uniformity (DSNUHigh temperature Imaging radiometer IRMD Non-linearity (NLPhoto-response-non-uniformity (PRNU Size-of-source effect (SSE) Thermodynamic temperature 



This work was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) in the framework of the MNPQ programme.


  1. 1.
    P. Saunders, T. Ricolfi, in Proceedings of TEMPMEKO ’96, 6 \({th}\) International Symposium on Temperature and Thermal Measurements in Industry and Science, ed. by P. Marcarino (Levrotto and Bella, Torino, 1997), pp. 329–334Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mise en pratique for the definition of the Kelvin,
  3. 3.
    T. Keawprasert, K. Anhalt, D.R. Taubert, J. Hartmann, Int. J. Thermophys. 32, 1697 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    U. Krüger, F. Schmidt, Metrologia 46, S252 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.E. Bennett, Appl. Opt. 5, 1265 (1966)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J.R. Janesick, Scientific Charge-Coupled Devices (SPIE, Bellingham, 2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H.J. Jung, Metrologia 15, 173 (1979)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Bloembergen, Metrologia 46, 534 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Saunders, Int. J. Thermophys. 32, 1633 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    P. Saunders, H. Edgar, Metrologia 46, 62 (2009)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. Preston-Thomas, Metrologia 27, 3 (1990)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Yoon, P. Saunders, G. Machin, in Supplementary Information for the ITS-90: Section 6: Radiation Thermometry, pp. 1–13. Accessed 19 Mar 2015
  14. 14.
    J. Fischer, M. de Podesta, K.D. Hill, M. Moldover, L. Pitre, R. Rusby, P. Steur, O. Tamura, R. White, L. Wolber, Int. J. Thermophys. 32, 12 (2011)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Hartmann, J. Fischer, J. Seidel, Metrologia 37, 637 (2000)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Jung, J. Verch, Optik 38, 95 (1973)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Sakuma, S. Hattori, Temperature, Its Measurement and Control in Science and Industry, vol. 5, ed. by J.F. Schooley (AIP, New York, 1982), pp. 421–427Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    G. Machin, P. Bloembergen, K. Anhalt, J. Hartmann, M. Sadli, P. Saunders, E. Woolliams, Y. Yamada, H.W. Yoon, Realisation and Dissemination of Thermodynamic Temperature Above the Silver Point (1234.93 K), CCT-WG5 Document, CCT-10/12/rev1 (BIPM, Sèvres, 2010)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Saunders, Metrologia 40, 93 (2003)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Bünger
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Anhalt
    • 1
  • R. D. Taubert
    • 1
  • U. Krüger
    • 2
  • F. Schmidt
    • 2
  1. 1.Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.TechnoTeam Bildverarbeitung GmbHIlmenauGermany

Personalised recommendations