Skip to main content


Log in

Sources of Fluxes of Energy, Heat, and Diffusion Heat in a Bipolar Semiconductor: Influence of Nonequilibrium Charge Carriers

  • Published:
International Journal of Thermophysics Aims and scope Submit manuscript


The equations of energy balance, heat balance, and diffusion heat balance are obtained for a bipolar semiconductor. The roles of nonequilibrium charge carriers and the recombination in the heat transport are established. The expressions for the sources of energy fluxes, heat fluxes, and diffusion heat fluxes are discussed. Both radiative and nonradiative recombinations are studied.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. G.N. Logvinov, J.E. Velázquez, I.M. Lashkevych, Y.G. Gurevich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 092118 (2006)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. J.E. Velazquez-Perez, Y.G. Gurevich, in Proceedings of 25th European Photovoltaic Energy Conference and Exhibition/5th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion (Valencia, Spain, 2010), pp. 539–544

  3. M. Lundstrom, Fundamentals of Carrier Transport, 2nd edn. (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, 2000)

  4. U. Lindefelt, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 942 (1994)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Y.G. Gurevich, O.Y. Titov, G.N. Logvinov, O.I. Lyubimov, Phys. Rev. B 51, 6999 (1995)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. L.D. Landau, E.M. Lifshitz, Electrodynamics of Continuous Media, Course of Theoretical Physics, vol. 8 (Pergamon, New York, 1984)

  7. A.G. Samoilovich, L.L. Korenblit, Fortschr. Phys. 1, 486 (1953)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. V.L. Bonch-Bruevich, S.G. Kalashnikov, Physik fur Halbleiter (VEB Deutscher Verlagder Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1982)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Y.G. Gurevich, F.P. Rodriguez, Fenómenos de Transporte en Semiconductores (Fondo de Cultura Económica, México, 2007)

    Google Scholar 

  10. J. Tauc, Photo and Thermoelectric Effects in Semiconductors (Pergamon, Oxford, 1962)

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  11. J.E. Parrot, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 43, 809 (1996)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. G.K. Wachutka, IEEE Trans. Computer-Aided Des. 9, 1141 (1990)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. I.N. Volovichev, G.N. Logvinov, O.Y. Titov, Y.G. Gurevich, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 4494 (2004)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. Y.G. Gurevich, G.N. Logvinov, J. Thermoelectricity 1, 13 (2008)

    Google Scholar 

  15. Y.G. Gurevich, J.E. Velazquez-Perez, G. Espejo-Lopez, I.N. Volovichev, O.Y. Titov, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 023705 (2007)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  16. Y.G. Gurevich, I.N. Volovichev, Phys. Rev. B 60, 7715 (1999)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  17. V.F. Gantmakher, I.B. Levinson, Carrier Scattering in Metals and Semiconductors, Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Science, vol. 19 (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987)

    Google Scholar 

Download references


Authors wish to thank CONACYT-Mexico for partial financial support. I.L. thanks SIP-IPN, Mexico for partial financial support.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Igor Lashkevych.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Gurevich, Y.G., Lashkevych, I. Sources of Fluxes of Energy, Heat, and Diffusion Heat in a Bipolar Semiconductor: Influence of Nonequilibrium Charge Carriers. Int J Thermophys 34, 341–349 (2013).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: