Skip to main content
Log in

Thermal-Conductivity Measurements and Predictions for Ni–Cr Solid Solution Alloys

  • Published:
International Journal of Thermophysics Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Thermal conductivities of Ni–Cr solid solution alloys have been measured to develop a prediction equation for thermal conductivities as functions of temperature and chemical composition. Samples used were Ni–x at% Cr (0 ≤ x ≤ 22) and commercial alloys of Nichrome Nos. 1 and 2. Thermal conductivity measurements were carried out using the transient hot-strip method over a temperature range from 293 K to 1273 K. The thermal conductivities of the alloys increased with increasing temperature and decreased with increasing Cr concentration at constant temperature. The Smith–Palmer equation has been examined to relate the thermal conductivities of the alloys to the electrical resistivities. The thermal conductivity and electrical-resistivity data, respectively, in the present work and in the literature have confirmed that the Smith–Palmer equation applies to Ni–Cr solid solutions and Nichrome alloys. On the basis of this equation, the thermal conductivity of Ni–Cr solid solution alloys has been expressed as a function of temperature and chemical composition. This analysis has also been applied to Ni–Fe and Cu–Ni solid solution alloys.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Kittel C.: Introduction to Solid State Physics, 7th edn. John Wiley & Sons, New York (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Blakemore J.S.: Solid State Physics, 2nd edn. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia (1974)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Smith C.S., Palmer E.W.: Trans. AIME 117, 225 (1935)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Klemens P.G., Williams R.K.: Int. Metals Rev. 31, 197 (1986)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Gustafsson S.E., Karawacki E., Khan N.M.: J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 12, 1411 (1978)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Gustafsson S.E., Karawacki E., Khan N.M.: J. Appl. Phys. 52, 2596 (1981)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Gustafsson S.E.: J. Appl. Phys. 53, 6064 (1982)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Gustafsson S.E., Karawacki E., Chohan M.A.: J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 19, 727 (1986)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  9. Susa M., Nagata K., Goto K.S.: Trans. Jpn. Inst. Met. 29, 133 (1988)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Yamasue E., Susa M., Fukuyama H., Nagata K.: Metall. Mater. Trans. A 30, 1971 (1999)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Yamasue E., Susa M., Fukuyama H., Nagata K.: J. Cryst. Growth 234, 121 (2002)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Touloukian Y.S.: Thermal Conductivity: Metallic Elements and Alloys, Thermophysical Properties of Matter. Plenum, New York (1970)

    Google Scholar 

  13. Shelton S.M., Swanger W.H.: Trans. Am. Soc. Steel Treat. 21, 1061 (1993)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Powell R.W., Tye R.P.: Engineer 209, 729 (1960)

    Google Scholar 

  15. Goldsmith A., Waterman T.E., Hirschhorn H.J.: Handbook of Thermophysical Properties of Solid Materials. Macmillan, New York (1961)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Brandes E.A., Smithells C.J.: Smithells Metals Reference Book, pp. 2–14. Butterworths, London (1983)

    Google Scholar 

  17. Buch A.: Pure Metals Properties: A Scientific-Technical Handbook, pp. 194. ASM International, Materials Park, OH (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Japan Society of Thermophysical Properties, Thermophysical Properties Handbook (Yokendo, Tokyo, 2008), p. 27

  19. Rose R.M., Shepard L.A., Wulff J.: Structure and Properties of Materials: Electronic Properties, vol. 4, pp. 82. Wiley, New York (1966)

    Google Scholar 

  20. Lohöfer G., Brillo J., Egry I.: Int. J. Thermophys. 25, 1535 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. P.G. Klemens, G. Klemens, B. Neuer, C. Sundqvist, G.K. Uher, White, in Landolt-Börnstein, New Series III/15c, ed. by O. Madelung, G.K. White (Springer, Berlin, 1991)

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Rie Endo.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Endo, R., Shima, M. & Susa, M. Thermal-Conductivity Measurements and Predictions for Ni–Cr Solid Solution Alloys. Int J Thermophys 31, 1991–2003 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10765-010-0813-x

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10765-010-0813-x

Keywords

Navigation