Taiwanese Preservice Teachers’ Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Teaching Intention

  • Kuen-Yi Lin
  • P. John Williams


This study applies the theory of planned behavior as a basis for exploring the impact of knowledge, values, subjective norms, perceived behavioral controls, and attitudes on the behavioral intention toward science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education among Taiwanese preservice science teachers. Questionnaires (N = 139) collected information on the behavioral intention of preservice science teachers engaging in STEM education. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, path analysis, and analysis of variance. Results revealed that, in terms of direct effects, higher perceived behavioral control and subjective norms were associated with stronger STEM teaching intention. More positive attitude and greater knowledge were indirectly associated with higher subjective norms and perceived behavioral control, which resulted in stronger STEM teaching intention. Additionally, gender did not affect preservice teachers’ intention to adopt STEM teaching approaches. However, preservice teachers whose specialization was in different fields tended to influence their knowledge and perceived behavioral control; these issues require further investigation.


Preservice teachers STEM Teaching intention Theory of planned behavior 



This research was funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China under contract numbers NSC 102-2628-S-003 -001 and MOST 103-2628-S-003 -001. The findings and recommendations contained in this article of those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Ministry of Science and Technology. We are extremely grateful to Professor Larry D. Yore and Shari A. Yore for their mentoring efforts, the reviewers for their helpful comments, and the preservice teachers who participated in this study.


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Copyright information

© Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiRepublic of China
  2. 2.The University of WaikatoHamiltonNew Zealand

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