Why Use Multiple Representations in the Mathematics Classroom? Views of English and German Preservice Teachers

  • Anika DreherEmail author
  • Sebastian Kuntze
  • Stephen Lerman


Dealing with multiple representations and their connections plays a key role for learners to build up conceptual knowledge in the mathematics classroom. Hence, professional knowledge and views of mathematics teachers regarding the use of multiple representations certainly merit attention. In particular, investigating such views of preservice teachers affords identifying corresponding needs for teacher education. However, specific empirical research is scarce. Taking into account the possible role of culture, this study consequently focuses on views about using multiple representations held by more than 100 English and more than 200 German preservice teachers. The results indicate that there are culture-dependent aspects of preservice teachers’ views, but also that there are common needs for professional development.


Fractions Multiple representations Preservice teachers Transnational design Views 



The data gathering phase of this study has been supported in the framework of the project ABCmaths which was funded with support from the European Commission (503215-LLP-1-2009-1-DE-COMENIUS-CMP). This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.


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Copyright information

© Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anika Dreher
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sebastian Kuntze
    • 1
  • Stephen Lerman
    • 2
  1. 1.Ludwigsburg University of EducationLudwigsburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Education, Centre for Mathematics EducationLondon South Bank UniversityLondonUK

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