UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION AND THE PROVISION OF QUALITY MATHEMATICS IN SOUTHERN AFRICA
- 358 Downloads
In this paper, I discuss Universal Basic Education (UBE) in relation to the teaching and learning of mathematics in Southern Africa. I present the status of UBE for all countries in the region and then use 3 selected examples: Botswana, Malawi, and Zambia, to illustrate the provision of mathematics in the general framework of UBE in the countries. I draw from results of SACMEQ evaluations to compare the 3 countries’ quality of primary education and also the mathematical achievement of learners. According to the evaluations, countries that have better age-appropriate enrolment and provide a better quality of primary education seem to have better mathematical achievement than countries that have less age-appropriate enrolment and less quality of primary education. While this might seem obvious, it is important to note because of the many challenges that some Southern African countries are facing in their efforts in providing quality mathematics education to all.
Key wordsmathematical achievement numeracy quality primary education Southern Africa universal basic education
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Banda, K. (1982). A brief history of education in Malawi. Blantyre: Dzuka Publishers.Google Scholar
- Carmody, B. (2004). The evolution of education in Zambia. Lusaka: Bookworld Publishers.Google Scholar
- Carnoy, M., Beteille, T., Brodziak, I., Loyalka, P. & Luschei, T. (2009). Do countries paying teachers higher relative salaries have higher student mathematics achievement? International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA).Google Scholar
- Chakalisa, P., Garegae, K., Setlhare, P. & Kaino, L. (2007). Mathematics teacher education in Botswana. In J. Adler, M. Kazima, W. Mwakapenda, T. Nyabanyaba & S. Xolo (Eds.), Mathematics teacher education: trends across twelve African countries (pp. 36–50). Wits Centre for Mathematics and Science Education, Johannesburg, South Africa.Google Scholar
- Chinaiwa, D. (1993). Southern Africa since 1945. In A. Mazril & C. Wondji (Eds.), General history of Africa VIII: Africa since 1935 (pp. 249–281). California: Heinemann UNESCO.Google Scholar
- Garegae, K. (2006). Gender issues in the provision of the Botswana basic education programme: Who benefits most? 3rd ONLINE Congress—Observatory for CyberSociety, www.cibersociedad.net/congres2006
- Garegae, K. (2012). Integration of ICT into the teaching and learning of mathematics in Africa: Issues and concerns. Paper presented at the 12th International Congress for Mathematics Education (ICME-12), 8–15 July 2012, Soeul South Korea.Google Scholar
- Hungi, N., Makuwa, D., Ross, K., Saito, M., Dolata, S., Cappelle, F., Paviot, L. & Vellien, J. (2010). SACMEQ III results: Pupil achievement levels in reading and mathematics. http://www.sacmeq.org/downloads/sacmeqIII/WD01_SACMEQ_III_Results.pdf
- Institute for Security Studies (2012). http://www.issafrica.org. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- Kazima, M., Chamdimba, P., Phiri, A., January, M. & Saiti, F. (2007). Mathematics teacher education in Malawi. In J. Adler, M. Kazima, W. Mwakapenda, T. Nyabanyaba & S. Xolo (Eds.), Mathematics teacher education: Trends across twelve African countries (pp. 74–85). Wits Centre for Mathematics and Science Education, Johannesburg, South Africa.Google Scholar
- Kazima, M. & Mussa, C. (2011). Equity and quality issues in mathematics education in Malawi schools. In B. Atweh, M. Graven & P. Valero (Eds.), Managing equity and quality in mathematics education (pp. 163–176). New York: Springer Publications.Google Scholar
- Kilpatrick, J., Swafford, J. & Findell, B. (Eds.). (2001). Adding it up: Helping children learn mathematics. Washington: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Kunje, D., Lewin, K. & Stuart, J. (2003). Primary teacher education in Malawi: Insights into practice and policy. London: Department for International Development.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Education (2000). Education statistics 2000. Lilongwe: Education Planning Division.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Education (2005a). Initial primary teacher education teaching syllabus: Numeracy and mathematics. Domasi: Malawi Institute of Education.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Education (2005b). Malawi schools teaching syllabus: Mathematics. Domasi: Malawi Institute of Education.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Education (2011). Education statistics 2011. Lilongwe: Education Planning Division.Google Scholar
- Mwanakatwe, J. M. (1968). The growth of education in Zambia since independence. Lusaka: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Nalube, P. (2007). Establishing links between classroom mathematics and everyday life of learners. Proceedings of workshop on Modeling in Mathematics Learning, 23–25 July 2007, Makerere University, Uganda (pp. 46–52).Google Scholar
- Nkosi, T. (2009). How free is education in Zambia? UNESCO www.thembinkosifoundation.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- Nyabanyaba, T. (2008). The illusive goal of relevance and quality in Lesotho’s education system: a brief macro-level analysis. Proceedings of the 16th conference of the Southern Africa Association of Mathematics Science and Technology Education (SAARMSTE). 14–18 January 2008, National University of Lesotho, Maseru, Lesotho.Google Scholar
- SACMEQ (2006). SACMEQ II project results: Pupil achievement levels in reading and mathematics. www.sacmeq.org. Retrieved on 28 April 2010.
- SACMEQ (2010). Education in Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. www.sacmeq.org. Retrieved on 30 April 2012.
- SACMEQ (2011a). Quality of primary school inputs in Bostwana. www.sacmeq.org. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- SACMEQ (2011b). Quality of primary school inputs in Malawi. www.sacmeq.org. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- SACMEQ (2011c). Quality of primary school inputs in Zambia. www.sacmeq.org. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
- Shangai Poverty Conference (2007). Free primary education and poverty reduction: The case of Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi and Uganda. www.epu.gov.my. Retrived 1 April 2010.
- Skemp, R. (1976). Relational understanding and instrumental understanding. Mathematics Teaching, 77, 20–26.Google Scholar
- Tabakamulamu, M., Haambokoma, C. & Phiri Nalube, P. (2007). Mathematics teacher education in Zambia. In J. Adler, M. Kazima, W. Mwakapenda, T. Nyabanyaba & S. Xolo (Eds.), Mathematics teacher education: Trends across twelve African countries (pp. 105–135). Wits Centre for Mathematics and Science Education, Johannesburg, South Africa.Google Scholar
- Trading Economics (2012). http://www.tradingeconomics.com. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- UNESCO (1990). World Conference on Education for All. Jomtien: UNESCO.Google Scholar
- UNESCO (2000). World Education Forum. Dakar.Google Scholar
- US Department of State (2012). Diplomacy in action. http://www.state.gov. Retrieved 18 August 2012.